Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Lat. 4416

Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Lat. 4416

Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

Repository:

Paris (France)
Bibliothèque Nationale
Lat. 4416

Digital image available at BnF


History:

Origin:
9th century (Hänel, Mommsen, Bischoff HA, Meyer); 820s/30s, Tours (Liebs); presumably beginning of the 10th century (Bischoff)

Provenance:
Formerly part of the library of Mazarin. 1688 Royal library. Mazarin: 149; Regius: 5186.


Physical description:

Material: Parchment
Quires: IV8 + V18 + 2.IV33 + I35 + 4.IV66 + III72 quire numbers often trimmed, legible only on fol. 25v.
Number: 74 sheets (foll. 24 and 55 counted twice)
Size: 256 x 215 mm
Text block: 215 x 140-5 mm
Lines: 21-25

Script: Caroline minuscule with few ligatures (rt, st) and no variant forms; some Tironian notes. Display script: seldom uncial and Capitalis quadrata, occasionally rubrics in Capitalis Rustica, from 26r onwards no longer in red but in black ink, from foll. 30-35v no rubrics, then again carried out in red ink.

Glosses: (selected)
12v: domum quod dicitur pretorium <id est dominicalem domum comitis sive regis> [Ep. Aeg. Cod. Theod. I 9, p. 26]
50v l: Si quis civem civem [!] romanum ociderit [!], XL sol. culpabilis iudicetur.
50v r: Si quis romanum poss[es]sorem qui infra patriam res iure proprias possidet, occiderit, componat C sol. [= Lex Salica (K) 41, 9, p. 157]
Compositionem latini videlicet hominis cu[m] XXXV sol. iubet lex solvere.
Deditii [!] vero compositionem cum XX sol. iubemus solvere. [all to Ep. Aeg. Gai Inst. I, p. 314]


Contents:

  • 1r - 2r
    prologue of the Lex Baiuvariorum
    • 1r
      IN NOMINE DOMINI IESU CHRISTI INCIPIT PROLOGUS THEODOSIANE LEGIS. Moyses gentis Hebre[orum] …
  • 2r - 72v
    Epitome Aegidii of the Lex Romana Visigothorum, fragmentary at the end
    • 2r-10r
      table of contents of the Epitome. INCIPIUNT CAPITULA THEODOSIANI. LIBER I. [Table of contents until Papianus, De pactis inter virum et uxorem]
    • 10r
      INCIPIT LIBER LEGUM AUCTORITAS ALARICI VIDELICET REGIS.
    • 10v-11r
      INCIPIUNT TITULI LEGUM EX COPRORE THEODOSIANI BREVITER SUCCINCTI THEODOSII LIBER PRIMUS CAP. I.
    • 35r
      miniature of a labyrinth (domus Dedali)
    • 35v
      empty
    • 72v
      … omne iuditium transferre placuit. II. DE USUCAPIONE. [Paul. Sent. V, 2]
Due to a typographical error, the codex was attributed to the "Leges scriptorium" of Louis the Pious by McKitterick (Carolingians and the Written Word, p. 58) [Paris lat. 4418 was actually meant]. Mordek (Bibliotheca p. 423) mentions the shelfmarks of both codices within his discussion of the "Leges scriptorium", causing Liebs to suggest that the codex came into being in Tours during the 820s/830s. Considering the script (minuscule, layout), a Tours origin is implausible. The usage of notae Tironianae (not mentioned in Hellmann, Tironische Noten) as well as the content, point to the manuscript's creation in a French scriptorium, presumably during the 2nd or 3rd third of the 9th century. Appearing before the text of the Epitome Aegidii is the prologue of the Lex Baiuvariorum, which is a particular case (previously unknown; not mentioned in the MGH edition); the prologue is often transmitted independently from the Bavarian codification. The Roman law of the Epitome is glossed occasionally. [Karl Ubl]

References:

  • Hänel 1849 p. LXXV
  • Meyer 1905 p. LXI
  • Mommsen 1905 p. CI
  • McKitterick 1989 p. 58
  • Gontrum 1993 Part 2 p. 76-80
  • Mordek 1995 p. 423 [PDF-Download]
  • Bischoff HA Fiche 31, 7.56 (p. 18)
  • Liebs 2002 p. 111 (n. 107), 222 (n. 496)
  • Kaiser 2007 p. 433 (n. 8)
  • Hartmann 2008 p. 325
  • Bischoff 2014 p. 98
  • Coma Fort 2014 p. 314-315
  • Ganz 2015 p. 258
  • Faulkner 2016 p. 195-197, 226, 234-235, 237, 262, 267
  • Detlef Liebs, Vier Arten von Römern unter den Franken im 6. bis 8. Jh., in: Zeitschrift der Savigny-Stiftung für Rechtsgeschichte. Romanistische Abteilung 133 (2016), p. 459-468.
  • Dominik Trump, Die Tironiana der Handschrift Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, lat. 4416, in: Zeitschrift der Savigny-Stiftung für Rechtsgeschichte. Romanistische Abteilung 135 (2018), p. 607-618.

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