Lex Frisionum

1. Introduction

The Lex Frisionum was compiled between the end of the 8th and the beginning of the 9th century. No medieval codex containing the law text of the Frisians has survived. The earliest copy is a print edition from 1557 carried out by Basilius Johannes Herold.

It is likely that a manuscript existed in the Abbey of Saint-Remi in Reims at the end of the nineth century, which – among other texts – also carried the Lex Frisionum.

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2. Edition

Karl August Eckhardt / Albrecht Eckhardt (Eds.), Lex Frisionum (MGH Fontes iuris XII), Hannover 1982.


3. Reading recommendations (2000 onwards)

  • Dirk Jan Henstra, The evolution of the money standard in medieval Frisia. A treatise on the history of the systems of money of account in the former Frisia (c. 600-c. 1500), Groningen 2000.
  • Rijk Timmer, Restanten van Oud-Germaans recht in de Lex Frisionum, in: Pro memorie 2 (2000), 17-45.
  • Dirk Jan Henstra, Het probleem van de geldbedragen in de Lex Frisionum, in: Jaarboek voor munt- en pennigkunde 88 (2001), 1-32.
  • Ruth Schmidt-Wiegand, “Lex Frisionum”, in: Reallexikon der Germanischen Altertumskunde 18, 2001, 318-320.
  • Nikolaas Egbert Algra, The “Lex Frisionum”. The genesis of a legalized life, in: Ferdinand Feldbrugge (Ed.), The law’s beginnings, Leiden 2003, 77-92.
  • Ernst Schubert, Vom Wergeld zur Strafe. Die übersehene Bedeutung der friesischen Rechtsquellen zur Interpretation eines epochalen mittelalterlichen Wandels, in: Heinrich Schmidt (Ed.), Tota Frisia in Teilansichten. Hajo van Lengen zum 65. Geburtstag (Abhandlungen und Vorträge zur Geschichte Ostfrieslands 82), Aurich 2005, 97-120.
  • Han Nijdam, Lichaam, eer en recht in middeleeuws Friesland. Een studie naar de Oudfriese boeteregisters (Middeleeuwse studies en bronnen 114), Hilversum 2008.
  • Heiner Lück, “Lex Frisionum”, in: Handwörterbuch zur deutschen Rechtsgeschichte 3, 22016, cols 868-870.

4. Further resources


5. Manuscripts

No surviving manuscripts.


[Wikipedia article] [VIAF entry]