lex: Lex Romana Visigothorum

Embraces the following “leges”: Breviarium abbreviatum (Hänel LIX-LXX), Epitome Aegidii, Epitome Guelpherbytana, Epitome Monachi, Epitome Suppl. lat. 215 (Scintilla)

Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Lat. 9652

Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Lat. 9652

Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

Repository:

Paris (France)
Bibliothèque Nationale
Lat. 9652

Digital image available at BnF


History:

Origin:
late 9th century, presumably from Beauvais (Liebs); 9th century, Gaul (Mommsen); 1st half of the 9th century, Tours; 9th century (Frakes); late 9th century (Meyer); ca. 2nd quarter of the 9th century, Tours (St Martin improbable) (Bischoff)

Provenance:
In possession of Église Saint-Pierre, Beauvais (Frakes); Antoine Loisel; Pierre Pithou


Physical description:

Material: Parchment
Quires:
Number: 164 foll.
Size: 315 x ca. 232 mm
Text block: 235 x 160 mm
Lines: 25


Script:

Glosses:


Contents:

  • 1 - 164r
    Lex Romana Visigothorum with older glosses (13th quire included in Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Lat. 4406 [foll. 60-67], missing here between fol. 96 and 97)
  • 164r
    Collatio legum Romanarum et Mosaicarum (Lex Dei) 10,1

References:


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Wien (Vienna), Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, 406

Wien (Vienna), Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, 406

Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

Repository:

Wien (Austria)
Österreichische Nationalbibliothek
406

Siglum (by Mordek 1995): Wi2

Digital image available at ÖNB


History:

Origin:
12th century, presumably Bavaria or Austria (Mordek); 12th century (von Schwind)

Provenance:
once in possession of Göttweig abbey (Krusch)


Physical description:

Material: Parchment
Quires:
Number: I + 82 (last sheet is unnumbered)
Size: 310 x 195 mm


Script: late Caroline minuscule

Glosses:


Contents:

  • 1r - 25r
    Lex Baiuvariorum (type D, prologue, list of titles and text, with German glosses) Stemma
  • 25r - 26r
    Capitulare seu canones concilii Neuchingensis
  • 26r - v
    Capitula ad legem Baiuvariorum addita
  • 26v
    Lex Romana Visigothorum (CTh IV,7,1, inscriptio and interpretatio, final sentence)
  • 26v
    formula for a Carta absolutionis
  • 26v
    Lex Baiuvariorum (title 21, 4)
  • 27r
    empty
  • 27v - 81v
    Paulus Diaconus, Historia Langobardorum up to book 6, 44

References:


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Wolfenbüttel, Herzog August Bibliothek, Cod. Guelf. 97 Weiss.

Wolfenbüttel, Herzog August Bibliothek, Cod. Guelf. 97 Weiss.

Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

Repository:

Wolfenbüttel (Germany)
Herzog August Bibliothek
Cod. Guelf. 97 Weiss.

Siglum (by Mordek 1995): W7
Siglum (by Eckhardt 1962): A 2

Digital image available at Digitale Bibliothek HAB


History:

Origin:
9th century (Hänel, Mommsen, Meyer); late 8th century, North or East France (Liebs); 2nd half of the 8th century, North or East France (Mordek: written by Agambertus [cf. note on fol. 87v], following Bischoff North or East France, according to CLA in Burgundy); 2nd half of the 8th century, Burgundy (CLA); 2nd half of the 8th century (754-768), Tours (?) (Bischoff HA); not earlier than 751, presumably before 768 (Eckhardt 1962)

Provenance:
In possession of St Peter and Paul in Weißenburg up to 1689 (Eckhardt 1962).


Physical description:

Material: Parchment
Quires:
Number: 86 foll. (numbered 1-8, 10-87)
Size: 215 x 125 mm


Script: pre-Caroline minuscule

Glosses:


Contents:

  • 1r
    Formula securitatis
  • 1v - 34r
    Lex Salica (type A Stemma, text and Capitula legi Salicae addita)
  • 34r - 37r
    Pactus Childeberti I et Chlotharii I
  • 37r - v
    Lex Salica (type A, epilogue and list of kings)
  • 37v - 87r
    Epitome Guelpherbytana of the Lex Romana Visigothorum
  • 87v
    scribal verses

References:


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Wolfenbüttel, Herzog August Bibliothek, Cod. Guelf. 1062 Helmst.

Wolfenbüttel, Herzog August Bibliothek, Cod. Guelf. 1062 Helmst.

Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

Repository:

Wolfenbüttel (Germany)
Herzog August Bibliothek
Cod. Guelf. 1062 Helmst.


History:

Origin:
11th century (Bischoff HA); 10th century (Hartmann); Godescalc: 3rd or 4th quarter of the 9th century, France (Bischoff)

Provenance:
In possession of Flacius who wrote "Illyrica est" on fol. 1r. (Heinemann)


Physical description:


Quires:
Number: 226 foll.
Size: 180 x 160 mm


Script:

Glosses:


Contents:

  • 1v - 2v, 3v - 18v, 219r - 226v
    various canonical texts
  • 3r
    single titles of the Epitome Aegidii (parts of 1,1-1,4 and 1,6) introduced as "Defloratio sentenciarum Theodosianae legis"
  • 8r-v, 17r - 18v
    Epitome Iuliani (excerpts)
  • 19r - 217v
    Collectio Dacheriana
  • 218r - v
    Notitia Galliarum
  • 226r
    Godescalc, verses

References:

  • Hänel 1849 p. 17 (cum n. c et a), 20 (cum n. d), 23 (cum n. a)
  • Conrat 1891 p. 228 (cum n. 6)
  • Mommsen 1905 p. CIII
  • Bischoff HA Fiche 26, 2.36 (p. 15)
  • Hartmann 2008 p. 330
  • Bischoff 2014 p. 505
  • Otto von Heinemann, Die Handschriften der Herzoglichen Bibliothek zu Wolfenbüttel. Abth. 1: Die Helmstedter Handschriften Bd. 3, Wolfenbüttel 1884, Nr. 1164, p. 35-36.
  • Abigail Firey, Continuing Recourse to Roman Law in the Carolingian Period: the example of ms Wolfenbüttel, Herzog August Bibliothek, Cod. Guelf. 1062 Helmst., in: Patrizia Carmassi / Gisela Drossbach (Hrsg.), Rechtshandschriften des deutschen Mittelalters. Produktionsorte und Importwege (Wolfenbütteler Mittelalter-Studien 29), Wiesbaden 2015, p. 211-243.

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    Warsaw, Biblioteka Uniwersytecka, 1 [Quart 1]

    Warsaw, Biblioteka Uniwersytecka, 1 [Quart 1]

    Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

    Repository:

    Warschau (Poland)
    Biblioteka Uniwersytecka
    1 [Quart 1]

    Siglum (by Mordek 1995): Wa
    Siglum (by Eckhardt 1962): E 13

    Note(s): According to Mommsen this is the twin codex of Berlin, Staatsbibliothek - Preußischer Kulturbesitz, Lat. qu. 150

    History:

    Origin:
    9th century, Gaul (Hänel); 1st to 2nd quarter of the 9th century, Tours (Mordek, Liebs); 2nd quarter of the 9th century, Tours (or leges-scriptorium?) (Bischoff); after 815, Tours (Eckhardt 1962 following Bischoff); late 9th century (Meyer); 1st/2nd quarter of the 9th century (Bischoff)

    Provenance:
    From the Collège Clermont in Paris; in possession of Professor Friedrich L. Keller in 1849; bought by Warsaw Library in 1862 from Keller's estate. (Eckhardt 1962)


    Physical description:

    Material: Parchment
    Quires:
    Number: 269 foll.
    Size: 235 x 165 mm
    Text block: ca. 180 x 130 mm
    Lines: 24


    Script: Caroline minuscule

    Glosses:


    Contents:

    • 1r - 206r
      Lex Romana Visigothorum (commonitorium, capitulationes and text)
    • 206v - 223v
      Lex Salica (type E, long prologue, list of titles and text) Stemma
    • 223v - 225v
      Childeberti II decretio
    • 225v
      Lex Salica (epilogue)
    • 226r - 250v
      collection of formulae from Tours with additamenta
    • 251r - 254r
      Isidore, Etymologiae (excerpt)
    • 254v - 268v
      excerpt from the council part of the Collectio Dionysiana
    • 268v - 269r
      Additamentum 8 of the Tours' collection of formulae
    • 269r
      excerpt from Siricius
    • 269r - v
      Latin-Latin synonym glossary

    References:


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    Vercelli, Biblioteca Capitolare Eusebiana, CXXII

    Vercelli, Biblioteca Capitolare Eusebiana, CXXII

    Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

    Repository:

    Vercelli (Italy)
    Biblioteca Capitolare Eusebiana
    CXXII


    History:

    Origin:
    late 10th or 1st half of the 11th century, Umbro-Roman (Kaiser); after the mid-11th century, Rome area


    Physical description:


    Quires:
    Number: 187 foll.
    Size: 320 x 250 mm

    Lines: 29-30


    Script:

    Glosses:


    Contents:

    • 1r
      empty
    • 1va - 3vb
      description of the burial sites of the twelve apostles
    • 3vb - 5vb
      pseudo-Hieronymus, Expositio IIII evangeliorum
    • 5vb - 6rb
      glosses to the Codex Iustinianus
    • 6rb - vb
      Lex Salica (Karolina emendata, Capp. 22-23)
    • 6vb - 7vb
      Const. Imperatoriam to the Institutiones of Iustinian
    • 8ra - 13vb
      list of titles to the Epitome Iuliani from Cap. 211 onwards, to the appendix B as well as to the beginning of the Dictatum de consiliariis
    • 13vb - 15rb
      list of titles to the Lex Dei with extra count of chapters
    • 15rb - 153vb
      Epitome Iuliani
    • 153vb - 159rb
      appendix B and chapter summae to the Epitome Iuliani
    • 159va
      Domini Iuliani antecessoris dictatum de consiliariis up to sentence 3
    • 159va - vb
      CJ 5,71,4 and CJ 5,71,1 in the Summa Perusina version
    • 159vb
      Epitome Aegidii (Ep. Aeg. CTh 8,5,1)
    • 159vb
      Collatio (14,2,3)
    • 159vb
      synonym glosses by a different hand, not belonging to a juridical text
    • 160ra - 161ra
      Jonas of Orléans, De institutione laicali, Cap. 8
    • 161v - 162r
      Stemma cognationum to the previous excerpt; Edictus Rothari, Cap. 153
    • 162ra - 186ra
      Lex Dei
    • 186ra - rb
      juridical questions and answers based on Isidore, Etymologiae
    • 186rb
      excerpt from Isidore, Sententiae
    • 186va
      excerpt from the praefatio of the Liber poenitentialis of Halitgar of Cambrai
    • 186va
      excerpt from Augustinus, Enchiridion de fide, spe et caritate
    • 186va
      1. Cor. 7,5, followed by an excerpt from Augustine, Enchiridion de fide, spe et caritate (Cap. 17)
    • 186vb
      Isidore, Sententiae
    • 186vb, 187vb
      Liber Proverbiorum

    References:


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    Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Reg. Lat. 1128

    Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Reg. Lat. 1128

    Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

    Repository:

    Vatikan (Vatican City State)
    Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana
    Reg. Lat. 1128

    Siglum (by Eckhardt 1962): K 73

    Digital image available at BAV

    N.B.: Bernhard Bischoff mentions incorrectly the Codex Theodosianus for this codex. The manuscript contains the Lex Romana Visigothorum.

    History:

    Origin:
    10th century, Gaul (Hänel, Meyer); ca. 900, Fleury (Liebs); late 9th or 10th century, West-Frankish origin (Beyerle/Buchner); 10th century (von Salis); 10th or 11th century (Lehmann/Eckhardt 1966); 10th century, Burgundy (?) (Kottje); 1st half of the 9th century (Eckhardt 1962 following Bischoff); 1st half of the 9th century, St Gall (Avenarius); 1st half of the 9th century, rather France (Kaiser); 1st/2nd quarter of the 9th century, West France (partially Tours?), with initials from Reichenau(?) (Bischoff)

    Provenance:
    In possession of Alexandre Petau in 1647 (Eckhardt 1962, Avenarius 2005)


    Physical description:


    Quires:
    Number: 271 sheets, loss afterwards
    Size: ca. 350 x 246 mm

    Lines: 35
    Columns: 2 columns

    Script: Caroline minuscule and Uncial

    Glosses:


    Contents:

    • flyleaf of Alexandre Petau
    • 1ra - b
      Incipit to the list of titles of the excerpts from the Codex Theodosianus; note of possession by Alexandre Petau
    • 1va - 3va
      list of titles to the excerpts from the Codex Theodosianus
    • 4r
      Incipit to the excerpts from the Codex
    • 4va - 100vb
      excerpts from the Codex Theodosianus with interpretations
    • 100vb
      Explicit to the excerpts from the Codex
    • 101ra - 102vb
      list of titles to the excerpts from the post-Theodosian novellae, the Gai Epitome, Pauli sententiae and to Papinianus
    • 103ra - 141vb
      excerpts from the post-Theodosian novellae with interpretations, the Gai Epitome, Pauli sententiae and to Papinianus
    • 141vb - 150va
      Gai Epitome with heading
    • 150va - 187va
      Pauli sententiae with heading and interpretationes
    • 187va - 190rb
      excerpts from the Codex Gregorianus with heading and interpretations
    • 190rb - va
      excerpts from the Codex Hermogenianus with interpretations
    • 190vb
      excerpt from Papinianus
    • 190vb - 202vb
      Liber singularis regularum
    • 203ra - 211va
      Notae iuris
    • 212ra - 232vb
      Lex Burgundionum (type A, list of titles and text with extravagantes)
    • 212ra - 214rb
      Lex Romana Burgundionum (title 17 and 44)
    • 233ra - 241vb
      Lex Ribuaria (type B, list of titles and text)
    • 242ra - 258ra
      Lex Salica (Karolina, list of titles and text)
    • 258va - 271vb
      Lex Alamannorum (type B, list of titles and text)

    References:


    Downloads:

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    Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Reg. Lat. 1050

    Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Reg. Lat. 1050

    Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

    Repository:

    Vatikan (Vatican City State)
    Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana
    Reg. Lat. 1050

    Siglum (by Mordek 1995): V19
    Siglum (by Eckhardt 1962): K 72

    Digital image available at BAV

    N.B.: Vat. Reg. Lat. 1050 corresponds to "Vaticanus reginae 379" (Montfaucon No. 379), as mentioned by Mommsen 1905, S. CIII. This manuscript is therefore not identical with Reg. Lat. 379.

    History:

    Origin:
    11th century (Hänel, Mommsen); middle of the 9th century, France (Liebs); early 2nd half of the 9th century, France (Mordek); 10th century (von Salis, von Schwind, Eckhardt, Beyerle/Buchner, Meyer); 10th century, West France (?) (Kottje); middle of the 9th century, Francia (Rio); middle of the 9th century (Eckhardt 1962 following Bischoff); (2nd quarter/) middle of the 9th century, France (Bischoff)

    Provenance:
    In possession of Alexandre Petau in 1647. (Eckhardt 1962)


    Physical description:

    Material: Parchment
    Quires:
    Number: 166 foll. (numbered 1-165 + 1 unnumbered sheet after 128, the first 4 sheets derive from younger codices), some quires in the back are assembled incorrectly
    Size: ca. 305 x 228 mm
    Text block: ca. 225 x 165 mm
    Lines: 31
    Columns: 2 columns

    Script: Caroline minuscule

    Glosses:


    Contents:

    • 1r - 4v
      fragments (later integrated)
    • 5ra - 14ra
      Isidore, Etymologiae
    • 14rb - va
      Extract from the cognition treatise by Aelius Gallus
    • 14va - 118va
      Lex Romana Visigothorum (date line of Alaric, two separated lists of titles with the explanatio, text (excerpts), followed by a summary of the books of the Lex Romana Visigothorum)
    • 118va - 124vb
      Lex Romana Burgundionum (list of titles and text)
    • 148ra - 157vb
      excerpts with juridical content
    • 157vb - 158rb
      treatise on the Franco-Roman administration
    • 158va - 159ra
      Isidore, Etymologiae
    • 159rb - va
      excised
    • 159vb - 160r
      empty
    • 160va - 162rb
      various capitularies
    • 162va - vb
      Lex Baiuvariorum (prologue, shortened)
    • 162vb - 163ra
      Lex Salica (Karolina emendata, long prologue)
    • 163ra - rb
      Lex Salica (Karolina emendata, short prologue)
    • 163rb - v
      addendum (12th century) and probationes pennae
    • 140ra - 147vb
      Lex Salica (Karolina emendata, list of titles and text)
    • 125ra - 134ra
      Lex Ribuaria (type B, list of titles and text)
    • 134rb - 139vb
      Lex Alamannorum (type B, list of titles and text)
    • 164ra - vb
      appendix to the collection of formulae from Tours
    • 165
      empty - except for probationes pennae

    References:


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