lex: Lex Ribuaria

Lex Ripuaria

Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Reg. Lat. 338

Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Reg. Lat. 338

Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

Repository:

Vatikan (Vatican City State)
Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana
Reg. Lat. 338

Siglum (by Mordek 1995): V31
Siglum (by Eckhardt 1962): K 69

Digital image available at BAV


History:

Origin:
presumably 1st half of the 9th century (Beyerle/Buchner); 1st half of the 9th century, (North-)France (Mordek); 1st half of the 9th century (Eckhardt 1962 following Bischoff); 1st/2nd quarter of the 9th century, North France (Bischoff)


Physical description:

Material: Parchment
Quires:
Number:
Size: ca. 180 x 150 mm
Text block: ca. 140 x 100 mm
Lines: 14


Script: Caroline minuscule

Glosses:


Contents:

  • 1r - 28r
    Lex Ribuaria (type B)
  • 28v - 31r
    Lex Salica (Karolina emendata, list of titles)
  • 31r - 32v
    Lex Salica (Recapitulatio solidorum, addition from the 9th/10th century) Stemma
  • 33r - v
    Capitula legibus addenda (addition 10th century)
  • 34r - 63v
    Lex Salica (Karolina emendata)

References:


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Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Pal. Lat. 773

Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Pal. Lat. 773

Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

Repository:

Vatikan (Vatican City State)
Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana
Pal. Lat. 773

Siglum (by Mordek 1995): V4

Digital image available at UB Heidelberg BAV


History:

Origin:
presumably 1st quarter of the 9th century (Beyerle/Buchner); 1st half of the 9th century, Rhenish area (?) (Mordek); 1st(/2nd) quarter of the 9th century, West Germany (Upper Rhine?) (Bischoff)


Physical description:

Material: Parchment
Quires:
Number: 58 foll.
Size: ca. 189 x 116 mm
Text block: ca. 153 x 83 mm
Lines: 17


Script: Caroline minuscule

Glosses:


Contents:

  • 1v - 48v
    Lex Ribuaria (type A, list of titles and text) Stemma
  • 48v - 51r
    Capitulare legi Ribuariae additum
  • 51r - 55v
    Capitulare legibus additum
  • 55v - 57v
    Capitulare missorum

References:


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St. Paul im Lavanttal, Archiv des Benediktinerstiftes 4/1

St. Paul im Lavanttal, Archiv des Benediktinerstiftes 4/1

Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

Repository:

St. Paul im Lavanttal (Austria)
Stiftsbibliothek
4/1

Siglum (by Mordek 1995): S
Siglum (by Eckhardt 1962): K 19

Digital image available at Carolingian Culture at Reichenau & St. Gall


History:

Origin:
beginning of the 10th century (Hänel); 1st third of the 9th century, North Italy (Liebs); 1st third of the 9th century (after 816 resp. 818/819 and 825), North Italy (Aquileia (?), according to Bischoff the codex originates from the same scriptorium as Vatikan, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Barb. Lat. 679) (Mordek); 10th century (Mommsen); 1st third of the 9th century, North Italy (Kaiser); main part presumably written before 818/819, probably of North Italian origin (Beyerle/Buchner); 9th century (von Salis, von Schwind, Lehmann/Eckhardt 1966); beginning of the 9th century (817-823?), North-East Italy (Aquileja?) (Kottje); 818/819, North Italy (Eckhardt 1962)

Provenance:
Bought by Martin Gerbert, abbot of St Blasien, from the estate of councillor Kruft. Got to St Paul within the context of secularisation. (Eckhardt 1962)


Physical description:

Material: Parchment
Quires:
Number: 184 foll.
Size: 302-305 x 193-197 mm
Text block: ca. 220-230 x 155 mm
Lines: 24-26
Columns: 2 columns

Script: Caroline minuscule

Glosses:


Contents:

  • 1r
    empty - except for two stamps of the St Paul archive
  • 1v - 2r
    two miniatures
  • 2v
    empty - except for St Paul archive stamp
  • 3ra - 6va, 154r - 168vb, 169va - 183v
    various capitularies (e.g. capitularies of Mantua)
  • 6vb - 26vb
    Lex Ribuaria (type B, list of titles and text)
  • 27ra - 57va
    Lex Salica (Karolina emendata, list of titles and text)
  • 57va - 93va
    Lex Baiuvariorum (type E, list of titles and text) Stemma
  • 93va - 116va
    Lex Alamannorum (type B, list of titles and text)
  • 116vb - 134rb
    Epitome Aegidii of the Lex Romana Visigothorum
  • 134v
    empty - except for St Paul archive stamp (end of quire)
  • 135ra - 153v
    Lex Burgundionum (type B)
  • Lex Romana Burgundionum (title 17)
  • 162rb - 164ra
    Liutprandi notitia de actoribus regis (733)
  • 168vb - 169rb
    Capitula excerpta canonica (excerpt from the Collectio Herovalliana)
  • 184r
    Indiculus eorum qui sacramentum fidelitatis iuraverunt
  • 184v
    probatio pennae, two stamps of the St Paul archive

References:

  • Hänel 1849 p. LXXVIII
  • von Salis 1892 p. 16
  • Mommsen 1905 p. CI
  • Krusch 1924 p. 80-87
  • von Schwind 1926 p. 183
  • Buchner 1940 p. 74-78
  • Beyerle / Buchner 1954 p. 36
  • Eckhardt 1962 p. XVIII
  • Lehmann / Eckhardt 1966 p. 16
  • Kottje 1986 p. 20
  • Kottje 1987 p. 363, 364, 373
  • Schott 1988 p. 105
  • Gontrum 1993 Part 2 p. 52-68
  • Mordek 1995 p. 106, 358, 373, 677, 685-695, 751, 757, 761, 856, 891-892 [PDF-Download]
  • Bischoff 1998 p. 304
  • Liebs 2002, p. 111 (n. 107), 222 (n. 489 p. 221, 490-493, 495)
  • Kaiser 2004 p. 714-717, 730 (n. 4), 733 (n. 21), 780, 828 (n. 11-12), 839 (n. 10)
  • Bischoff 2014 p. 342
  • Coma Fort 2014 p. 314
  • Faulkner 2016 p. 110, 125, 133, 146, 208, 210, 218, 220, 222, 263
  • Ubl 2017 p. 223, 233, 237
  • Trump 2021 p. 111-115
  • Stefan Esders, Deux libri legum au service des fonctionnaires du royaume d'Italie à l'époque carolingienne, in: Charlotte Denoël / Anne-Orange Poilpré / Sumi Shimahara (Hrsg.), Imago libri. Représentations carolingiennes du livre (Bibliologia 47), Paris 2018, p. 79-84, 292-294, hier p. 79-82, 292-293.

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    St. Gall, Stiftsbibliothek, 728

    St. Gall, Stiftsbibliothek, 728

    Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

    Repository:

    St. Gallen (Switzerland)
    Stiftsbibliothek
    728

    Siglum (by Mordek 1995): Sg4
    Siglum (by Eckhardt 1962): K 20

    Digital image available at e-codices


    History:

    Origin:
    between middle and 2nd half of the 9th century (Beyerle/Buchner); 2nd half of the 9th century, (East-)France (pp. 3-22: 9th century, middle of to 3rd quarter, with slightly younger addenda; St Gall) (Mordek); written in the 9th and 10th century (Buchner); ca. 2nd half of the 9th century, presumably by a Western hand (Bischoff HA); 2nd quarter of the 9th century (Eckhardt 1962 following Bischoff); 3rd or 4th quarter of the 9th century, East France (?) (Bischoff)


    Physical description:

    Material: Parchment
    Quires:
    Number: 3 parts, 109 foll.
    Size: 250 x 150-160 mm

    Lines: 25-31


    Script: Caroline minuscule

    Glosses:


    Contents:

    • 1 - 2
      Notes on the codex and its history with older references (paper sheet, 19th century)
    • 3
      heading "Liber sancti galli" (13th/14th century), table of contents by Étienne Baluze
    • 4 - 21
      oldest library catalogue of St. Gall dating from the middle of the 9th century
    • 22
      empty
    • 23
      St Gall stamp of possession
    • 24 - 95
      Ansegis' collection of capitularies
    • 96 - 97
      empty
    • 98 - 101
      Lex Salica (Recapitulatio solidorum) Stemma
    • 101 - 103
      Isidore, Etymologiae (excerpt)
    • 103 - 108
      Capitulare legibus additum
    • 108 - 177
      Lex Salica (Karolina emendata, dating, long prologue, list of titles and text) Stemma
    • 178 - 220
      Lex Ribuaria (type B, list of titles and text)

    References:

  • Tardif 1895 p. 663, 664 (n. 3), 667, 673
  • Buchner 1940 p. 83
  • Beyerle / Buchner 1954 p. 37
  • Eckhardt 1962 p. XVIII
  • Mordek 1995 p. 32, 259, 478, 664-669, 680, 1044 [PDF-Download]
  • Schmitz 1996 p. 147-148
  • Bischoff HA Fiche 67, 5.9 (p. 81)
  • Hartmann 2004 p. 321
  • Hartmann 2008 p. 96 (n. 197), 327, 334
  • Kaiser 2010 p. 580-581
  • Siems 2013 p. 203 (n. 53), 206 (n. 99)
  • Bischoff 2014 p. 332
  • Faulkner 2016 p. 109-110, 146
  • Kosto 2016 p. 294 (n. 30), 295 (n. 34)
  • Ubl 2017 p. 69, 184, 228, 241
  • Die Handschriften der Stiftsbibliothek St. Gallen. Bd. 3, Abt. V: Codices 670-749. Iuridica. Kanonisches, römisches und germanisches Recht. Beschreibendes Verzeichnis bearbeitet von Philipp Lenz und Stefania Ortelli, Wiesbaden 2014, p. 243-247.

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    St. Gall, Stadtbibliothek, 338

    St. Gall, Stadtbibliothek, 338

    Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

    Repository:

    St. Gallen (Switzerland)
    Stadtbibliothek
    338

    Siglum (by Eckhardt 1962): K 21


    History:

    Origin:
    end of the 9th century (Beyerle/Buchner); end of the 9th or beginning of the 10th century (Buchner); 10th century (von Schwind, Lehmann/Eckhardt 1966); 2nd quarter of the 9th century, „bestes Mainz“ (Bischoff) (Kottje); 10th/11th century (Bischoff HA); 1st half of the 9th century, Mainz, additions: 4th quarter of the 9th century, St Gall (Eckhardt 1962 following Bischoff, Bischoff)

    Provenance:
    Previously in possession of Vadian. (Eckhardt 1962)


    Physical description:


    Quires:
    Number:
    Size: 280 x 285 mm


    Script:

    Glosses:


    Contents:

    • 1 - 64
      Lex Salica
    • 65 - 109
      Lex Ribuaria
    • 109 - 110
      Lex Alamannorum (titles 7.8)
    • 111 - 158
      Lex Alamannorum
    • 158 - 160
      prologue to the Lex Baiuvariorum (with heading: DE LEGIBUS; without any indication of the prologue's origin)

    References:


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    Rome, Biblioteca Vallicelliana, C. 20

    Rome, Biblioteca Vallicelliana, C. 20

    Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

    Repository:

    Rom (Italy)
    Biblioteca Vallicelliana
    C. 20

    Siglum (by Eckhardt 1962): K 75


    History:

    Origin:
    hand of the 16th century., archetype unknown (Beyerle/Buchner); 16th century (von Schwind, Eckhardt 1962)

    Provenance:
    at least since 1749 in the Bibliotheca Vallicelliana (Buchner 1940)


    Physical description:

    Material: paper
    Quires: VIII16 // (IV-1)23 + II27 // II31 // II35 [foll. 36-38 missing] // (X+1)60 // VI72 + VI84 // III90 // 2.VI113 [95 counted twice]+ VIII129. Codex consists of eight different parts.
    Number: 129 foll.
    Size: 305 x 220 mm (VIII)
    Text block: 210-220x150-160 (VIII)

    Script: humanistic cursive

    Glosses:


    Contents:

    • parts I-VII: various texts on church history (Cresconius, Papal letters from the 6th to the 16th century, Genesius Sepulbeda etc.)
      IIr: Cresconius de concordia canonum et aliorum opuscula. Codex XVI saeculi
      IIIr : Index rerum quae in hoc volumine cotinentur. (printed by Coroleu/Solana Pujalte)
      IV: leer
      Vr: IN PLUTEO II. Index eorum que hoco tomo cotinentur.

    • part VIII of the codex with leges:
    • -- 91r
      empty
    • -- 91v - 104v
      Lex Salica with list of titles
      91v: INCIPIUNT CAPITULA LEGI [!] SALICA FRANCORUM AD IUDICANDUM.
      93r: INCIPIT LIBER LEGISALICA

    • -- 105r - 108v
      Lex Baiuvariorum (type E; prologue, list of titles and text) Stemma
    • -- 109r - 117r
      Lex Ribuaria (list of titles and text) Stemma
    • -- 117r - 128v
      Lex Alamannorum (list of titles and text; -99, 12)
    • -- 129r
      empty
    Buchner 1940 p. 70 already noticed that the titles 36, 5 to 37, 3 (new count: 40, 5 to 41.3) from the B-version of the Lex Ribuaria were inserted between LS (K) 36 and 37. He believed that the text was supposed to have been inserted in the following Lex Ribuaria to substitute the A-version, but had mistakenly been added to the Salic law. According to Buchner, the insertion derived from a medieval template, because the unknown 16th-century scribe copied his models verbatim. This statement is absurd, since one is left wondering why the text was not inserted directly in the correct spot of Lex Ribuaria. Rather, it can be assumed that the medieval copyist added the titles on the wergild of clerics and the dos of women intentionally, because these topics were missing in the Salic law. Buchner also did not notice that the present version of the Lex Salica has certain peculiarities. For example, some otherwise unrecorded texts follow after LS (K) 36, 3:
    98r: Si quis in messem alienam super noctem introierit per furtum aut furaverit aut animalia vastaverit et ibi invenerit per f__ctum [?] per fortiam expoliatum, cum manibus ligatum ante seniores ab ipso furtum praesentare faciat et cum hoc iudicatum habere[?] sunt den. DC q. faciunt sol. XV cul. iud.
    Si quis in messe aliena expalmitraverit et ibi inventus fuerit, CXX den. q. faciunt sol. III culp. iud. Si quis per malum ingenuum incurrit alterum vel in casam vel ubicumque miserit aliquod quod furatum est nesciente domino cuius possessio est, et ibidem inventus fuerit ille qui miserit [=LS (K) 36, 5], si servus aut CXX ictos accipiat aut dominus pro servo suo sol. VI componat, sed si ingenuus fuerit, sol. XV cul. iud.
    XXXVII. DE CLERICIS DIAC. SUBDIAC. PRESBIT. EPISCOPIS seu monachis sive ecclesiasticis et feminarum partu. [Karl Ubl]

    References:


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    Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Lat. 18236

    Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Lat. 18236

    Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

    Repository:

    Paris (France)
    Bibliothèque Nationale
    Lat. 18236

    Digital image available at BnF


    History:

    Origin:
    foll. 1-4: 9th century, foll. 5-6: 10th century (Beyerle/Buchner); 9th or 10th century (Lehmann/Eckhardt 1966); 3rd quarter of the 9th century, "etwa Ile-de-France" (Bischoff) (Kottje); middle of the 9th century, Compiègne (Bischoff HA); 2nd half of the 9th century, Ile-de-France (Hartmann); ca. 2nd third of the 9th century, Central France (?) (Bischoff)


    Physical description:


    Quires:
    Number: 6 foll. (3 double sheets)
    Size: 215 x 152 mm
    Text block: 158 x 98 mm
    Lines: 22, 24


    Script:

    Glosses:


    Contents:

    • 1 - 1v
      Lex Ribuaria (title 83A up to 89A)
    • 2 - 3v
      Lex Alamannorum (list of titles from title 35 onwards and text up to title I)
    • 4 - 4v
      Lex Alamannorum (title 3, 4. 5. 7.)
    • 5 - 6v
      Lex Ribuaria (titles 59,5 up to 65,21)

    References:


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    Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Lat. 10753

    Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Lat. 10753

    Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

    Repository:

    Paris (France)
    Bibliothèque Nationale
    Lat. 10753

    Siglum (by Mordek 1995): P23
    Siglum (by Eckhardt 1962): K 30

    Digital image available at BnF


    History:

    Origin:
    end of the 10th/beginning of the 11th century (Hänel); middle to 2nd half of the 9th century, France (Burgundy?) (Mordek, Liebs); 10th/11th century (Mommsen, Meyer); 10th century (Beyerle/Buchner, Lehmann/Eckhardt 1966, von Salis); ca. middle of the 9th century, „etwa Burgund? jedenfalls französ.“ (Bischoff), Blois (?) (Kottje); 1st half to middle of the 9th/10th century, Blois (Bischoff HA); 3rd quarter of the 9th century (Eckhardt 1962 following Bischoff); ca. middle of the 9th century, France (ca. Burgundy ?) (Bischoff)

    Provenance:
    in possession of the church beati Launomari in Blois, then Collège Clermont (Eckhardt 1962)


    Physical description:

    Material: Parchment
    Quires:
    Number: 154 foll.
    Size: 235-240 x 135-140 mm
    Text block: 170-177 x 100-110 mm
    Lines: 26-28


    Script: Caroline minuscule

    Glosses:


    Contents:

    • 1r - 8v, 8v - 9r
      Lex Romana Visigothorum
    • 8v
      Lex Romana Burgundionum (title 3, 1)
    • 9r - 48v, 53r, 82v - 83v
      Lex Romana Visigothorum (Epitome Parisiana / Scintilla I)
    • 49r - 53r, 53r - 82v, 83v - 86r, 87r - 89r, 89r - v
      Lex Burgundionum (type A)
    • 86r - 87r
      Chlotharii I vel Chlotharii II praeceptio (511/561 or 584/628)
    • 90r - v (10. Jh.), 121v - 125v
      various capitularies
    • 91r
      fragment of a Benedictio aquae ferventis (addition 10th century)
    • 91v - 121v
      Lex Salica (Karolina emendata, list of titles and text)
    • 126r - 132v, 134r - 139v
      Lex Ribuaria (type A, text) Stemma
    • 139v - 150v, 133r - v, 151r - v, 153r - v, 152r - v, 154r - v
      Lex Alamannorum (type A) and partly unique version of the Pactus Alamannorum (both fragmentary) Stemma

    References:

  • Hänel 1849 p. LXXIX-LXXX
  • von Salis 1892 p. 15, 21
  • Meyer 1905 p. LX, LXII
  • Mommsen 1905 p. LXXXIX-XC, CI-CII, CCCLXXIX
  • Buchner 1940 p. 59-60
  • Eckhardt 1962 p. XIX
  • Lehmann / Eckhardt 1966 p. 13-14
  • Beyerle / Buchner 1954 p. 33
  • Kottje 1987 p. 366, 373
  • Schott 1988 p. 78-79, 105
  • Mordek 1995 p. 460, 581-585, 608 [PDF-Download]
  • Bischoff HA Fiche 31, 8.5 (p. 66), Fiche 32, 3.12 (p. 52)
  • Esders 1997 p. 56-78
  • Kaiser 2002 p. 235-236, 238-240
  • Liebs 2002 p. 112 (n. 113 p. 113)
  • Hartmann 2004 p. 316-317
  • Kaiser 2007 p. 186 (n. 123)
  • Liebs 2007 p. 63 (n. 2)
  • Hartmann 2008 p. 88, 95 (n. 184), 96 (n. 196), 326
  • Lauranson-Rosaz 2009 p. 244 (n. 11)
  • Kaiser 2010 p. 575, 577
  • Liebs 2010 p. 626 (n. 26)
  • Bischoff 2014 p. 167
  • Coma Fort 2014 p. 335-337
  • Faulkner 2016 p. 111, 145, 207, 211
  • Ubl 2017 p. 45, 199, 228, 231, 237, 240

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