lex: Lex Burgundionum

Burgundian Laws

Ivrea, Biblioteca Capitolare, XXXIII (4)

Ivrea, Biblioteca Capitolare, XXXIII (4)

Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

Repository:

Ivrea (Italy)
Biblioteca Capitolare
XXXIII (4)

Siglum (by Mordek 1995): I
Siglum (by Eckhardt 1962): K 77


History:

Origin:
10th century (Beyerle/Buchner, Lehmann/Eckhardt 1966); mid to 2nd half of the 9th century, North Italy? (Mordek); 9th or 10th century (von Salis); beginning of the 10th century (von Schwind); ~middle of the 9th century, presumably North Italy (Kottje); 2nd third of the 9th century, North Italy (Bischoff); middle of the 9th century (Bluhme, Eckhardt 1962 following Bischoff)

Provenance:
presumably in long-standing possession of the cathedral chapter (Eckhardt 1962)


Physical description:

Material: Parchment
Quires:
Number: 148 foll.
Size: ca. 275-280 x 210 mm
Text block: 210 x 150 mm
Lines: 23-38


Script: Caroline minuscule

Glosses:


Contents:

  • 1r - 16v
    Lex Ribuaria (type A) Stemma
  • 17r - 47r
    Lex Salica (Karolina emendata)
  • 47v - 48r
    Lex Salica (Italian fragment)
  • 48v - 74v
    Lex Alamannorum (type B)
  • 74v
    additional chapters to the Lex Alamannorum
  • 74v - 75r
    Lex Alamannorum (type B, title 5)
  • 76r - 102r
    Lex Burgundionum (type B)
  • 102r - 124r
    Lex Baiuvariorum (type A; prologue, list of titles and text, type A and E) Stemma
  • 124r - 148v
    various capitularies and council canons

References:


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Besançon, Bibliothèque Municipale, 1348

Besançon, Bibliothèque Municipale, 1348

Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

Repository:

Besançon (France)
Bibliothèque Municipale
1348

Siglum (by Eckhardt 1962): K 48

Digital image available at Bibliothèque municipale


History:

Origin:
9th century (Eckhardt 1962, Bischoff HA)

Provenance:
In possession of Claude Chifflet (1541-1580). In the 18th century catalogued as one the manuscripts belonging to Fr. X. Chifflet, first president of the parliament of Metz.


Physical description:

Material: Parchment
Quires: II4 + 2.IV20 + (IV-1)27. Quire numbers: fol. 4v (XXXVI), fol. 12v (XXXVII), fol. 20v (XXXVIII)
Number: 27 foll.
Size: 385 x 315 mm
Text block: 274 x 195 mm
Lines: 32
Columns: 2 columns

Script: Unstable minuscule by several scribes with variant forms (a, n) and ligatures (nt, ct, st, et). Rubrics ornamented with red ink in Capitalis rustica.
Binding: fair leather binding

Glosses:


Contents:

  • 1r - 19r
    Lex Burgundionum (MGH LL nat. Germ. 2/1, not used)
  • 19r - 27v
    Lex Salica Karolina, list of titles and text, tit. 1-48, Explicit: Si quis lege saliga vivit servum aut ancillam cavallum vel bovem seu iumentum seu quamlibet rem suam sub alterius potestate agnoverit mittat eam in terciam man//
Bischoff at first dated the codex in the 9th century, but then changed his mind; the manuscript is not included in his "Katalog der festländischen Handschriften". Presumably for Bischoff the script rather belonged to the early tenth century. The leaves are the fragment of a comprehensive legal collection. According to the quire numeration the codex must have consisted of at least 29 quires with 8 leaves each, comprising more than 230 leaves in total. Probably Roman law came first and was supplemented by various leges. The codex was already in fragmentary condition the first time it was bound at the end of the Middle Ages. On fol. 27v there are residues of an imprint by a fragment that had once been glued to the inside of the cover. Not before the 18th century were the Carolingian parts rebound together with various other documents, such as a copy of the privileges of Gray (dépt. Haut-Saône) from the 16th century (foll. 28-33) or the ordinances concerning the Grande Saunerie of Salins (dépt. Jura) from the 17th century (foll. 34-72). [Karl Ubl]

References:

  • Eckhardt 1962 p. XXII
  • McKitterick 1989 p. 52
  • Bischoff HA Fiche 42, 1 (p. 67)
  • Kaiser 2002 p. 234 (n. 121), 240
  • Hartmann 2008 p. 95 (n. 181)
  • Faulkner 2016 p. 256
  • Ubl 2017 p. 45, 237, 251
  • Pierre Petot, Un nouveau manuscrit de la loi Gombette, in: Nouvelle Revue historique de droit français et étranger 37 (1913), p. 337-375.
  • Catalogue général des manuscrits des Bibliothèques Publiques de France, Départements 45: Paris, Arsenal, Mazarine, Sainte-Geneviève, Besançon, Aix-en-Provence, Paris 1915, p. 139-140.
  • Bruno Krusch, Nachricht zu Pierre Petot, Un nouveau manuscrit de la loi Gombette, in: Neues Archiv 43 (1922), p. 442-443.
  • Wilfried Hartmann, Brauchen wir neue Editionen der Leges?, in: Rudolf Schieffer (Hrsg.), Mittelalterliche Texte. Überlieferung - Befunde - Deutungen. Kolloquium der Zentraldirektion der Monumenta Germaniae Historica am 28./29. Juni 1996 (MGH Schriften 42), Hannover 1996, p. 233-245, hier p. 237 n. 21.
  • Patrick Wormald, The Making of English Law. King Alfred to the Twelfth Century, Oxford / Malden 1999, p. 64 n. 173.

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    Wolfenbüttel, Herzog August Bibliothek, Cod. Guelf. 130 Blank.

    Wolfenbüttel, Herzog August Bibliothek, Cod. Guelf. 130 Blank.

    Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

    Repository:

    Wolfenbüttel (Germany)
    Herzog August Bibliothek
    Cod. Guelf. 130 Blank.

    Siglum (by Mordek 1995): W
    Siglum (by Eckhardt 1962): K 58

    Digital image available at Digitale Bibliothek HAB


    History:

    Origin:
    10th century (Beyerle/Buchner, Lehmann/Eckhardt 1966, Bischoff HA); 3rd quarter of the 9th century (after 855), North Italy (Mordek); 10th century (von Salis, von Schwind); ~3rd quarter of the 9th century, North Italy (Kottje); 10th century Augsburg (Bluhme); 3rd quarter of the 9th century, presumably from Italian ground (Eckhardt 1962 following Bischoff)

    Provenance:
    In possession of the Augsburg cathedral during the 11th/12th century. (Eckhardt 1962); Augsburg cathedral (Hoffmann, Mordek)


    Physical description:

    Material: Parchment
    Quires:
    Number: 208 foll.
    Size: 290 x 230 mm


    Script: Caroline minuscule

    Glosses:


    Contents:

    • Ir - 1r, 63v, 207v, 208r
      Augsburg pieces dating from the 11th/12th century (additions)
    • 1v - 30r
      Edictus Rothari
    • 30v - 32r
      Leges a Grimoaldo additae
    • 32r - v
      Memoratorium de mercedibus commacinorum
    • 32v - 57v
      Leges Liutprandi and once again the Memoratorium de mercedibus commacinorum as the last chapter
    • 57v - 60v
      Ratchis leges
    • 60v - 63v
      Aistulfi leges
    • 64r - 73r
      capitulatio of the following collection of capitularies
    • 73r - 90v, 90v - 136v, 207r
      various capitularies and council orders
    • 90v
      Lex Ribuaria (type B, title 91, 2 with rubric)
    • 136v - 150r
      Lex Salica (Karolina emendata, list of titles and text)
    • 150r - 168r
      Lex Burgundionum (type B)
    • 168r - 176v
      Lex Ribuaria (type A, list of titles and text) Stemma
    • 176v - 187v
      Lex Alamannorum (type B, list of titles and text)
    • 187v - 207r
      Lex Baiuvariorum (type E, prologue, list of titles and text) Stemma
    • 207r
      Capitula de Iudaeis, Cap. 5
    • 207v - 208r
      copy of a charter, Augsburg record of relics and other pieces (additions from the 11th and 12th century)

    References:

  • Bluhme 1868 p. XXV-XXVI
  • von Salis 1892 p. 17
  • Krusch 1924 p. 87-89
  • von Schwind 1926 p. 183-184
  • Buchner 1940 p. 67-68
  • Beyerle / Buchner 1954 p. 35
  • Eckhardt 1962 p. XXIII
  • Lehmann / Eckhardt 1966 p. 17
  • Kottje 1986 p. 16, 20
  • Kottje 1987 p. 364, 374
  • Schott 1988 p. 105
  • Siewert 1993 p. 212-213
  • Mordek 1995 p. 110, 147, 178, 182, 358, 362, 364-366, 475-476, 677, 747, 808, 842, 856, 892, 920-943 [PDF-Download]
  • Bischoff HA Fiche 26, 3.2 (p. 35)
  • Kaiser 2002 p. 237
  • Hoffmann 2004 p. 22, 38
  • Kaiser 2007 p. 206 (n. 18)
  • Hartmann 2008 p. 81, 82 (n. 118), 92-93, 95 (n. 187), 96, 97 (n. 206), 99, 250 (n. 36), 336-337
  • Siems 2013 p. 210 (n. 131)
  • Bischoff 2014 p. 501
  • Faulkner 2016 p. 112, 117, 126, 146, 204, 206, 208, 218, 220, 222, 256
  • Ubl 2017 p. 227, 238, 241
  • Stefan Esders, Deux libri legum au service des fonctionnaires du royaume d'Italie à l'époque carolingienne, in: Charlotte Denoël / Anne-Orange Poilpré / Sumi Shimahara (Hrsg.), Imago libri. Représentations carolingiennes du livre (Bibliologia 47), Paris 2018, p. 79-84, 292-294, hier p. 82-84, 294.
  • Hans Butzmann, Die Blankenburger Handschriften (Kataloge der Herzog August Bibliothek Wolfenbüttel, Neue Reihe, Bd. 11), Frankfurt am Main 1966.

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