lex: Lex Burgundionum

Burgundian Laws

Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Lat. 4758

Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Lat. 4758

Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

Repository:

Paris (France)
Bibliothèque Nationale
Lat. 4758

Siglum (by Mordek 1995): P19
Siglum (by Eckhardt 1962): K 38

Digital image available at BnF


History:

Origin:
9th century (von Salis, Bischoff HA); 1st half of the 9th century, Burgundy (Mordek, Eckhardt 1962 following Bischoff); 1st third of the 9th century, presumably Burgundy (Bischoff)

Provenance:
in possession of Mazarin. (Eckhardt 1962)


Physical description:

Material: Parchment
Quires:
Number: 117 foll.
Size: 175-178 x 130-133 mm
Text block: 140-145 x 95-105 mm
Lines: 17-18


Script: Caroline minuscule

Glosses:


Contents:

  • 1r - v, 116v - 117v
    additions (9th/10th/11th century)
  • 2r - 6r
    Capitulare legibus additum
  • 6r - 8r
    Capitulare missorum
  • 8v - 63v
    Lex Salica (Karolina emendata, list of titles and text)
  • 63v - 116r
    Lex Burgundionum (type B, corrected and completed according to type A, list of titles and text)
  • Lex Romana Burgundionum (title 17, within the Lex Burgundionum)

References:


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Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Lat. 4633

Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Lat. 4633

Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

Repository:

Paris (France)
Bibliothèque Nationale
Lat. 4633

Siglum (by Eckhardt 1962): K 52

Digital image available at BnF


History:

Origin:
10th century (Hänel, Mommsen, Lehmann/Eckhardt 1966, Bischoff HA, Meyer); beginning of the 10th century, North-East France (Corbie?) (Liebs, Mordek); 9th or 10th century, presumably French origin (Beyerle/Buchner); late 9th century (text of the Lex Ribuaria) (Buchner); 10th century (von Salis); 1st quarter of the 10th century, North-East France (?) (Kottje); 1st quarter of the 10th century, North-East France (Eckhardt 1962 following Bischoff)

Provenance:
in possession of Claude du Puy, then Regius no. 5190 (Eckhardt 1962)


Physical description:

Material: Parchment
Quires:
Number: 121 foll. (counted 1 - 120, 96 bis)
Size: ca. 210 x 170 mm


Script: Caroline minuscule

Glosses:


Contents:

  • 1r - 18r
    continuation of the Lex Alamannorum (type B, text from title 2,2 onwards)
  • 18r - 35r
    Lex Baiuvariorum (type A, text up to XII,7) Stemma
  • 35v
    empty
  • 36r - 44v
    continuation of the Lex Baiuvariorum (type E, text from XII,8 onwards)
  • 44v - 99v
    Epitome Aegidii
  • 99v - 120v
    Lex Burgundionum (type B, text up to title 75,3)

References:


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Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Lat. 4626

Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Lat. 4626

Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

Repository:

Paris (France)
Bibliothèque Nationale
Lat. 4626

Siglum (by Mordek 1995): P8
Siglum (by Eckhardt 1962): K 31

Digital image available at BnF


History:

Origin:
end of the 10th/beginning of the 11th century (Hänel); 10th/11th century, Burgundy (Liebs); 10th/11th century and 11th century, France (Burgundy?) (Mordek); 10th/11th century (Mommsen, Meyer); 10th century (von Salis, Bischoff HA); 11th century (Eckhardt 1962 following Bischoff)

Provenance:
Ex bibliotheca Matisconensi, Ligeret, then Jean Bigot. (Eckhardt 1962)


Physical description:

Material: Parchment
Quires:
Number: 130 foll. (paginated 1 - 258)
Size: ca. 300 x 223 mm
Text block: 210-215 x 145-150 mm
Lines: 26


Script: Caroline minuscule

Glosses:


Contents:

  • 1 - 40 (2v - 22r)
    Lex Salica (long prologue of type D; short prologue Stemma, dating, list of titles and text of the Karolina emendata) Stemma
  • 40 - 93 (22r - 47v)
    various capitularies
  • 93 (47v)
    Sententia of Augustine
  • 93 - 95 (47v - 48v)
    Lex Salica (Recapitulatio solidorum) Stemma
  • 95 - 99 (48v - 50v), 46 (25r)
    Isidore, Etymologiae
  • 99 - 210 (50v - 106r)
    Epitome Aegidii
  • 210 - 256 (106r - 129r)
    Lex Burgundionum (type A)
  • 257 (129v)
    Two hymns on St Vincent (11th century)
  • 258 (130r)
    4 lines of neumatic text, sententia of Augustine on the Holy Communion

References:


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Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Lat. 4418

Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Lat. 4418

Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

Repository:

Paris (France)
Bibliothèque Nationale
Lat. 4418

Siglum (by Eckhardt 1962): K 24

Digital image available at BnF


History:

Origin:
10th century (Hänel, Mommsen, Zeumer, Meyer); 1st quarter of the 9th century, court school Aachen (Bischoff, Mordek, Liebs, Kaiser); late 9th century, presumably from South France (Beyerle/Buchner); 10th century (von Salis); 9th century, Narbonensis (García López); 1st quarter of the 9th century, court school of Louis the Pious (Eckhardt 1962 following Bischoff); ca. 2nd third of the 9th century, from some administrative centre in France (?) (Bischoff)

Provenance:
Formerly owned by the historian Jaques-Auguste de Thou in Paris (1553-1617), then via Colbert's library (no. 82) into the royal library (Regius 4696).


Physical description:


Quires: (III-1)5 + (IV+1)14 + 2.IV30 + III36 + 8.IV99 + 4.IV130 + (IV+1)138 + (IV+1)147 + 16.IV290. Quire numbers: (Q.) II-XXXVI
Number: 294 foll. (foll. 73bis, 129bis, 131bis, 212bis)
Size: 427 x ca. 300 mm
Text block: 340 x 220 mm
Lines: 39-40
Columns: 2 columns (except 38r-48r)

Script: Caroline minuscule, multiple hands, rubrics in capitalis and uncial script
Binding: modern cardboard binding

Glosses:


Contents:

  • 1r - 37r
    Lex Romana Visigothorum, Epitome Aegidii. Fol. 1r on top: Salica Lex (10th century?). De iurisdictione et ubi quis conveniri debet (13th/14th century); below: Scri. Becelinus (Bischoff: Scribecelinus, 11th century; Buchner: Scn (?Sctus?) Becelinus)
  • 37v
    empty
  • 38ra - 140rb
    Epitome Iuliani
  • 140v
    empty
  • 141ra - 152rb
    Lex Ribuaria
  • 153ra - 169ra
    Lex Salica. List of titles and text
  • 169va - 188ra
    Lex Burgundionum
  • 188ra - rb
    Lex Romana Burgundionum tit. 17
  • 188v
    empty
  • 189r - va
    Chronica regum Visigothorum
  • 189va - 290ra
    Lex Visigothorum
It is without doubt that - because of its huge format - this codex was not meant for ordinary judges (Bischoff), but as a representative law book (Mordek). Due to the lack of Alemanic and Bavarian law, Buchner suggested a South French origin. The assignment of this gigantic codex (Mordek) to the court library of Louis the Pious by Bernhard Bischoff biased any further research. Bischoff believed the scribe to be the same who wrote the Brussels Gospel (Ms. 18723) and a Seneca manuscript from Bamberg (Msc. Class. 46). In addition, Bischoff suggested that this codex might have ended with a copy of the South German leges. Based on this consideration, Mordek and McKitterick assigned the codex to the leges scriptorium of Louis the Pious. P. Wormald raised the possibility that Benedict of Aniane, a leading advisor to Louis, could have had an interest in the preservation of the Leges Visigothorum. For J. Busch the codex is proof of both elite exchange after the death of Charlemagne and the stronger influence of ancient role models, reflected in a more intense reception of Roman law at the court of Louis the Pious. These considerations have been questioned by Bischoff's last statement in his "Katalog der festländischen Handschriften". Here he argues in favor of the manuscript's origin at an administrative center in France in the secord third of the 9th century ("an einem Verwaltungszentrum in Frankreich, im zweiten Drittel des 9. Jahrhunderts"). Based on this new view, a connection with Charles the Bald is now possible, which also better fits the selection of texts. Further research on the codex, and especially on its glosses, is therefore necessary. In the 9th century the law book had two readers with interest in different parts of the codex. One annotated Justinian's novellae, but only particular passages concerned with monastic law. The Lex Salica was also an object of intensive examination (equation of tunginus with comes, raginburgi with iudices, grafio with comes, sagibarones with senatores). The abbreviation F.G.R.R. (fol. 195v) to invalidate all other law books in Lex Vis. II, 1, 20, p. 58: De remotis alienarum gentium legibus remains puzzling. [Karl Ubl]

References:

  • Hänel 1849 p. LXXVI
  • Delisle 1868 p. 478
  • von Salis 1892 p. 16
  • Zeumer 1902 p. XX
  • Meyer 1905 p. LXI
  • Mommsen 1905 p. CI
  • Buchner 1940 p. 80-81
  • Beyerle / Buchner 1954 p. 36
  • Eckhardt 1962 p. XIX
  • McKitterick 1980 p. 16-17, 22-23
  • McKitterick 1989 p. 47, 50, 60
  • Mordek 1995 p. 423, 1031-1032 [PDF-Download]
  • García López 1996 p. 35, 43-44
  • Bischoff 1998 p. 161
  • Kaiser 2002 p. 213 (n. 6), 221 (n. 37), 229, 235
  • Liebs 2002 p. 102 (n. 62), 111 (n. 107), 163 (n. 209), 222 (n. 489 p. 221, 490-494)
  • Kaiser 2004 p. 12-13, 30-33
  • Kaiser 2007 p. 435-438
  • Radding / Ciaralli 2007 p. 49
  • Hartmann 2008 p. 96 (n. 197), 325
  • Kaiser 2009 p. 444-445, 446 (n. 43), 453, 454 (n. 41), 455-458, 459 (n. 68, 69, 70)
  • Bischoff 2014 p. 98
  • Coma Fort 2014 p. 309-310
  • Ubl 2014 p. 43-44
  • Ganz 2015 p. 259
  • Loschiavo 2015 p. 96 (n. 96), 103
  • Faulkner 2016 p. 195-197, 209-210, 213-216, 224-226, 256, 263, 267-268
  • Ubl 2017 p. 233-235, 237, 240
  • Trump 2021 p. 84-87
  • Catalogus codicum manuscriptorum Bibliothecae Regiae 3,3, Paris 1744, p. 591.
  • Gustav Hänel (Hrsg.), Iuliani Epitome Latina Novellarum Iustiniani, Leipzig 1873, p. III.
  • Bernhard Bischoff, Die Hofbibliothek unter Ludwig dem Frommen, in: Jonathan J. G. Alexander / Margaret T. Gibson (Hrsg.), Medieval Learning and literature. Essays presented to Richard William Hunt, Oxford 1976, p. 3-22, hier p. 14. (MGH)
  • Manuel C. Díaz y Díaz, La Lex Visigothorum y sus manuscritos. Un esayo de reinterpretación, in: Anuario de Historia del Derecho Español 46 (1976), p. 163-224, hier p. 165-166 n. 8.
  • Jean Vezin, Un manuscrit messin de la première moitié du XIe siècle (Reims, Bibl. mun. 1429), in: Pierre Cockshaw / Monique-Cécile Garand / Pierre Jodogne (Hrsg.), Miscellanea codicologica F. Masai dicata MCMLXXIX, 1 (Les publications de Scriptorium 8), Gent 1979, p. 157-164, hier p. 163 n. 27.
  • Harald Siems, Handel und Wucher im Spiegel frühmittelalterlicher Rechtsquellen (MGH Schriften 35), Hannover 1992, p. 324.
  • Patrick Wormald, The Making of English Law. King Alfred to the Twelfth Century, Oxford / Malden 1999, p. 58 n. 146, 62 n. 168, 64 n. 175, 64 n. 178, 69 n. 207.
  • Jörg W. Busch, Vom Amtswalten zum Königsdienst. Beobachtungen zur "Staatssprache" des Frühmittelalters am Beispiel des Wortes "administratio" (MGH Studien und Texte 42), Hannover 2007, p. 39-41.

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    Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Lat. 4417

    Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Lat. 4417

    Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

    Repository:

    Paris (France)
    Bibliothèque Nationale
    Lat. 4417

    Siglum (by Mordek 1995): P11
    Siglum (by Eckhardt 1962): K 25

    Digital image available at BnF


    History:

    Origin:
    10th century (Hänel, Mommsen); end of the 9th century, probably from Burgundy (Liebs, Mordek); 10th century (Beyerle/Buchner); 9th or 10th century (von Salis); 9th/10th century (von Schwind); end of the 9th century, Burgundy (?) (Kottje); 9th century (Lehmann/Eckhardt 1966, Bischoff HA); end of the 9th century (Eckhardt 1962 following Bischoff); ~2nd third of the 9th century, East France (?) (Bischoff)

    Provenance:
    According to a note by Baluze, the codex was given to the Bibliotheca Colbertina (no. 826) by the canons of Le Puy-en-Velay in 1681. (Eckhardt 1962)


    Physical description:

    Material: Parchment
    Quires:
    Number: 261 foll. (counted 1 - 260, 88bis)
    Size: 300-302 x 215 mm
    Text block: 205-225 x 140-153 mm
    Lines: 24-25


    Script: Caroline minuscule

    Glosses:


    Contents:

    • 1v - 70v
      Epitome Aegidii
    • 71r - 87r
      Lex Ribuaria (type B, list of titles and text)
    • 87r - 109v
      Lex Salica (Karolina emendata, list of titles and text)
    • 109v - 129v
      Lex Alamannorum (type B)
    • 129v - 159r
      Lex Baiuvariorum (type E, list of titles, prologue and text) Stemma
    • 159r - v, 222r, 252v - 259v
      various capitularies
    • 160r - 185r
      Lex Burgundionum (type B)
    • 185v - 252v, 259v
      Ansegis' collection of capitularies
    • 260v
      short entries by various hands

    References:

  • Hänel 1849 p. LXXV-LXXVI
  • von Salis 1892 p. 17
  • Mommsen 1905 p. CI
  • Krusch 1924 p. 101-103
  • von Schwind 1926 p. 183
  • Buchner 1940 p. 84-85
  • Beyerle / Buchner 1954 p. 37
  • Eckhardt 1962 p. XIX
  • Lehmann / Eckhardt 1966 p. 17
  • McKitterick 1980 p. 23
  • Kottje 1986 p. 21
  • Kottje 1987 p. 374
  • Schott 1988 p. 105
  • Mordek 1995 p. 82, 466-469, 706, 709, 781, 1013 [PDF-Download]
  • Schmitz 1996 p. 115-117
  • Bischoff HA Fiche 31, 7.56 (p. 18)
  • Kaiser 2002 p. 237
  • Liebs 2002 p. 111 (n. 107), 222 (n. 489 p. 221, 490-493, 495)
  • Lauranson-Rosaz 2006 p. 28 (n. 69)
  • Hartmann 2008 p. 95 (n. 184), 97 (cum n. 206), 325-327
  • Bischoff 2014 p. 98
  • Coma Fort 2014 p. 316-317
  • Faulkner 2016 p. 145, 211, 213, 216, 218, 221-222, 226, 231, 263, 268
  • Ubl 2017 p. 237, 240
  • Trump 2021 p. 80-83
  • Dominik Trump, In margine – Annotationen in der Handschrift Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, lat. 4417, in: Zeitschrift der Savigny-Stiftung für Rechtsgeschichte. Romanistische Abteilung 136 (2019), S. 364-371.

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    Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Lat. 4414

    Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Lat. 4414

    Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

    Repository:

    Paris (France)
    Bibliothèque Nationale
    Lat. 4414

    Digital image available at BnF


    History:

    Origin:
    10th century (Hänel, Liebs, Mommsen, von Salis, Meyer); middle to 2nd half of the 9th century, bad South French script (Bischoff HA); ~4th quarter of the 9th century, South France (Hartmann, Bischoff)


    Physical description:


    Quires:
    Number: 166 foll.
    Size: 308 x 212 mm
    Text block: 240-250 x ca. 160 mm
    Lines: 27, 29


    Script:

    Glosses:


    Contents:

    • 1r
      Decalogus in novem hexametros and Liber de legibus Romanis
    • 1v - 15r
      list of titles and explanationes titulorum of the Lex Romana Visigothorum
    • 16v - 147v
      Lex Romana Visigothorum (without Commonitorium)
    • 135, 136
      Lex Romana Burgundionum (titles 2, 28, 41)
    • 147v - 158r
      Isidore
    • 158r - 159v, 160r - 161v
      various council canons (Orléans, Chalcedon)
    • 159v
      Lex Burgundionum (titles 24, 42)
    • 162, 163v - 164
      Gregorii chronicorum pars
    • 165
      medical tract

    References:


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    Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, Lat. 4115

    Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, Lat. 4115

    Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

    Repository:

    München (Germany)
    Bayerische Staatsbibliothek
    Lat. 4115

    Siglum (by Mordek 1995): M13
    Siglum (by Eckhardt 1962): A 3

    Digital image available at BSB München

    Note(s): The Manuscripta Juridica database records a Lex Salica in the codex Kiel, Universitätsbibliothek, K. B. 207. The text is a copy of the first 53 titles of the Salian law taken from the Munich codex conducted by the Kiel-based lawyer Andreas Wilhelm Cramer in 1816. Cf. the catalogue description by Henning Ratjen, Verzeichnis von Handschriften der Kieler Universitäts-Bibliothek Abtheilung 1-4, Kiel 1873, p. 61.

    History:

    Origin:
    end of the 8th/beginning of the 9th century (Beyerle/Buchner, Lehmann/Eckhardt 1966); 8th/9th century, South Germany (Mordek); 8th or 9th century (von Salis); beginning of the 9th century, South Germany (Kottje); first quarter of the 9th century, South Germany (Bischoff); about 800, written in a German scriptorium (Bischoff, Eckhardt 1962)

    Provenance:
    got in possession of the "Heilig-Kreuz-Bibliothek" in Augsburg from the estate of Provost Wolfgang Andreas Rem von Ketz in 1588; previously in Augsburg or Dillingen (Eckhard 1962)


    Physical description:

    Material: Parchment
    Quires:
    Number: 69 foll. (1 - 67, 35bis, 45bis)
    Size: 213 x 140 mm


    Script: Caroline minuscule

    Glosses:


    Contents:

    • 1r - 23v
      Lex Ribuaria (type A, list of titles and text) Stemma
    • 24r - 42r
      Lex Alamannorum (type A, text) Stemma
    • 42v - 64v
      Lex Salica (type A, list of titles and text) Stemma
    • 64v - 67r
      Pactus Childeberti I. et Chlotharii I.
    • 67r - v
      Lex Burgundionum (cc. 78, 42 and 75)

    References:

  • von Salis 1892 p. 17
  • Buchner 1940 p. 56-59
  • Beyerle / Buchner 1954 p. 33
  • Eckhardt 1962 p. XIV
  • Lehmann / Eckhardt 1966 p. 12, 15
  • Kottje 1987 p. 367, 372
  • Schott 1988 p. 105
  • Mordek 1995 p. 163, 213, 305-307, 673 [PDF-Download]
  • Bischoff 1998 p. 45
  • Bischoff 2004 p. 226
  • Hartmann 2004 p. 321
  • Faulkner 2016 p. 157-158, 172, 211
  • Ubl 2017 p. 65, 69, 77-78, 103, 232
  • Karl Halm / Georg von Laubmann / Wilhelm Meyer (Hrsg.), Catalogus codicum latinorum Bibliothecae Regiae Monacensis, Bd. 1,2: Codices num. 2501-5250 compl., München 1894.
  • Katharina Bierbrauer, Die vorkarolingischen und karolingischen Handschriften der Bayerischen Staatsbibliothek. Text- u. Tafelbd. (Katalog der illuminierten Handschriften der Bayerischen Staatsbibliothek in München, Bd. 1), Wiesbaden 1990.

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    London, British Library, Egerton 269

    London, British Library, Egerton 269

    Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

    Repository:

    London (Great Britain)
    British Library
    Egerton 269

    Siglum (by Mordek 1995): L
    Siglum (by Eckhardt 1962): K 52

    Note(s): together with Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Lat. 4633 and London, British Library, Egerton 2832; foll. 29-32 of Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Lat. 7561 follow fol. 17v of London, British Library, Egerton 269, bearing a fragment of the Divisio regnorum. For further information please see the following references: Tischler 2008 pp. 198 (n. 18), 199-200, 213, 244-246, 252 and Bischoff HA Fiche 31, 7.83 (p. 47), Fiche 36, 1.58 (p. 80).

    History:

    Origin:
    9th or 10th century, presumably of French origin (Beyerle/Buchner); beginning of the 10th century, North-East France (Corbie?) (Mordek); late 9th century (text of the Lex Ribuaria, Buchner); 10th century (von Salis); 1st quarter of the 10th century, North-East France? (Kottje); 10th or 11th century (Lehmann/Eckhardt 1966); end of the 9th century or beginning of the 10th century, Corbie (von Schwerin); first quarter of the 10th century, North-East France (Eckhardt 1962 following Bischoff)

    Provenance:
    Claudius Puteanus; Regius 5190. (Krusch 1924, Eckhardt 1962)


    Physical description:

    Material: Parchment
    Quires:
    Number: 15 foll. (numbered 3 - 17)
    Size: 240-245 x 175 mm


    Script: Caroline minuscule

    Glosses:


    Contents:

    • 3r
      continuation of the Lex Ribuaria (title 91,1 onwards)
    • 3r - 8v
      Lex Saxonum
    • 8v
      Capitulare legibus additum (capp. 1-2)
    • 9r - 12r
      Capitula legibus addenda (capp. 6-21)
    • 12r - 13v
      Capitula per se scribenda with additional chapter
    • 13v - 14r
      Capitula incerta
    • 14r - 16v
      Lex Alamannorum (type B, list of titles and text up to title 2,1)
    • 17r - v
      Lex Burgundionum (title 85 up to 88)
    • 17r - v
      Lex Romana Burgundionum (title 17)
    • 17v
      Divisio regnorum

    References:


    Downloads:

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