lex: Lex Baiuvariorum

Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Reg. Lat. 1050

Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Reg. Lat. 1050

Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

Repository:

Vatikan (Vatican City State)
Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana
Reg. Lat. 1050

Siglum (by Mordek 1995): V19
Siglum (by Eckhardt 1962): K 72

Digital image available at BAV

N.B.: Vat. Reg. Lat. 1050 corresponds to "Vaticanus reginae 379" (Montfaucon No. 379), as mentioned by Mommsen 1905, S. CIII. This manuscript is therefore not identical with Reg. Lat. 379.

History:

Origin:
11th century (Hänel, Mommsen); middle of the 9th century, France (Liebs); early 2nd half of the 9th century, France (Mordek); 10th century (von Salis, von Schwind, Eckhardt, Beyerle/Buchner, Meyer); 10th century, West France (?) (Kottje); middle of the 9th century, Francia (Rio); middle of the 9th century (Eckhardt 1962 following Bischoff); (2nd quarter/) middle of the 9th century, France (Bischoff)

Provenance:
In possession of Alexandre Petau in 1647. (Eckhardt 1962)


Physical description:

Material: Parchment
Quires:
Number: 166 foll. (numbered 1-165 + 1 unnumbered sheet after 128, the first 4 sheets derive from younger codices), some quires in the back are assembled incorrectly
Size: ca. 305 x 228 mm
Text block: ca. 225 x 165 mm
Lines: 31
Columns: 2 columns

Script: Caroline minuscule

Glosses:


Contents:

  • 1r - 4v
    fragments (later integrated)
  • 5ra - 14ra
    Isidore, Etymologiae
  • 14rb - va
    Extract from the cognition treatise by Aelius Gallus
  • 14va - 118va
    Lex Romana Visigothorum (date line of Alaric, two separated lists of titles with the explanatio, text (excerpts), followed by a summary of the books of the Lex Romana Visigothorum)
  • 118va - 124vb
    Lex Romana Burgundionum (list of titles and text)
  • 148ra - 157vb
    excerpts with juridical content
  • 157vb - 158rb
    treatise on the Franco-Roman administration
  • 158va - 159ra
    Isidore, Etymologiae
  • 159rb - va
    excised
  • 159vb - 160r
    empty
  • 160va - 162rb
    various capitularies
  • 162va - vb
    Lex Baiuvariorum (prologue, shortened)
  • 162vb - 163ra
    Lex Salica (Karolina emendata, long prologue)
  • 163ra - rb
    Lex Salica (Karolina emendata, short prologue)
  • 163rb - v
    addendum (12th century) and probationes pennae
  • 140ra - 147vb
    Lex Salica (Karolina emendata, list of titles and text)
  • 125ra - 134ra
    Lex Ribuaria (type B, list of titles and text)
  • 134rb - 139vb
    Lex Alamannorum (type B, list of titles and text)
  • 164ra - vb
    appendix to the collection of formulae from Tours
  • 165
    empty - except for probationes pennae

References:


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Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Reg. Lat. 991

Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Reg. Lat. 991

Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

Repository:

Vatikan (Vatican City State)
Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana
Reg. Lat. 991

Siglum (by Mordek 1995): V32
Siglum (by Eckhardt 1962): K 71

Digital image available at BAV


History:

Origin:
11th century (Hänel, Mommsen, Meyer); 820s/30s, Tours (Liebs); 2nd quarter of the 9th century, French or Lotharingian (court / court circle) (Mordek); beginning of the 10th century, chancery-affiliated (Beyerle/Buchner); late 9th or 10th century (von Schwind); 2nd quarter of the 9th century, Lotharingian (?) (Kottje); 9th century (Lehmann/Eckhardt 1966); 2nd quarter of the 9th century, Lotharingia (?) (partly from the Leges-scriptorium?) (Bischoff)

Provenance:
In possession of Alexandre Petau in 1647 (Eckhardt 1962)


Physical description:

Material: Parchment
Quires:
Number: 171 foll.
Size: 254-257 x 188-189 mm
Text block: 195-200 x 130-135 mm
Lines: 23


Script: Caroline minuscule

Glosses:


Contents:

  • 1r - 19v
    Lex Ribuaria (type B, list of titles and text)
  • 19v - 20v, 50r - 51v
    Alcuin, Officia per ferias seu psalmi secandum dies hebdomadae singulos [...] dispositi: Confessio peccatorum (addition)
  • 21r - 49v
    Lex Salica (Karolina emendata, list of titles and text)
  • 52r - 66v
    Lex Alamannorum (type B, list of titles and text)
  • 67r - 105r
    Lex Baiuvariorum (type E, prologue, list of titles and text) Stemma
  • 105r - v
    Capitula ad legem Baiuvariorum addita (addition, presumably 9th century)
  • 105v - 107r
    prayer, pseudo-Augustine
  • 107v - 167v
    Epitome Aegidii (praefatio, list of titles and text)

References:


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St. Paul im Lavanttal, Archiv des Benediktinerstiftes 4/1

St. Paul im Lavanttal, Archiv des Benediktinerstiftes 4/1

Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

Repository:

St. Paul im Lavanttal (Austria)
Stiftsbibliothek
4/1

Siglum (by Mordek 1995): S
Siglum (by Eckhardt 1962): K 19

Digital image available at Carolingian Culture at Reichenau & St. Gall


History:

Origin:
beginning of the 10th century (Hänel); 1st third of the 9th century, North Italy (Liebs); 1st third of the 9th century (after 816 resp. 818/819 and 825), North Italy (Aquileia (?), according to Bischoff the codex originates from the same scriptorium as Vatikan, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Barb. Lat. 679) (Mordek); 10th century (Mommsen); 1st third of the 9th century, North Italy (Kaiser); main part presumably written before 818/819, probably of North Italian origin (Beyerle/Buchner); 9th century (von Salis, von Schwind, Lehmann/Eckhardt 1966); beginning of the 9th century (817-823?), North-East Italy (Aquileja?) (Kottje); 818/819, North Italy (Eckhardt 1962)

Provenance:
Bought by Martin Gerbert, abbot of St Blasien, from the estate of councillor Kruft. Got to St Paul within the context of secularisation. (Eckhardt 1962)


Physical description:

Material: Parchment
Quires:
Number: 184 foll.
Size: 302-305 x 193-197 mm
Text block: ca. 220-230 x 155 mm
Lines: 24-26
Columns: 2 columns

Script: Caroline minuscule

Glosses:


Contents:

  • 1r
    empty - except for two stamps of the St Paul archive
  • 1v - 2r
    two miniatures
  • 2v
    empty - except for St Paul archive stamp
  • 3ra - 6va, 154r - 168vb, 169va - 183v
    various capitularies (e.g. capitularies of Mantua)
  • 6vb - 26vb
    Lex Ribuaria (type B, list of titles and text)
  • 27ra - 57va
    Lex Salica (Karolina emendata, list of titles and text)
  • 57va - 93va
    Lex Baiuvariorum (type E, list of titles and text) Stemma
  • 93va - 116va
    Lex Alamannorum (type B, list of titles and text)
  • 116vb - 134rb
    Epitome Aegidii of the Lex Romana Visigothorum
  • 134v
    empty - except for St Paul archive stamp (end of quire)
  • 135ra - 153v
    Lex Burgundionum (type B)
  • Lex Romana Burgundionum (title 17)
  • 162rb - 164ra
    Liutprandi notitia de actoribus regis (733)
  • 168vb - 169rb
    Capitula excerpta canonica (excerpt from the Collectio Herovalliana)
  • 184r
    Indiculus eorum qui sacramentum fidelitatis iuraverunt
  • 184v
    probatio pennae, two stamps of the St Paul archive

References:

  • Hänel 1849 p. LXXVIII
  • von Salis 1892 p. 16
  • Mommsen 1905 p. CI
  • Krusch 1924 p. 80-87
  • von Schwind 1926 p. 183
  • Buchner 1940 p. 74-78
  • Beyerle / Buchner 1954 p. 36
  • Eckhardt 1962 p. XVIII
  • Lehmann / Eckhardt 1966 p. 16
  • Kottje 1986 p. 20
  • Kottje 1987 p. 363, 364, 373
  • Schott 1988 p. 105
  • Gontrum 1993 Part 2 p. 52-68
  • Mordek 1995 p. 106, 358, 373, 677, 685-695, 751, 757, 761, 856, 891-892 [PDF-Download]
  • Bischoff 1998 p. 304
  • Liebs 2002, p. 111 (n. 107), 222 (n. 489 p. 221, 490-493, 495)
  • Kaiser 2004 p. 714-717, 730 (n. 4), 733 (n. 21), 780, 828 (n. 11-12), 839 (n. 10)
  • Bischoff 2014 p. 342
  • Coma Fort 2014 p. 314
  • Faulkner 2016 p. 110, 125, 133, 146, 208, 210, 218, 220, 222, 263
  • Ubl 2017 p. 223, 233, 237
  • Trump 2021 p. 111-115
  • Stefan Esders, Deux libri legum au service des fonctionnaires du royaume d'Italie à l'époque carolingienne, in: Charlotte Denoël / Anne-Orange Poilpré / Sumi Shimahara (Hrsg.), Imago libri. Représentations carolingiennes du livre (Bibliologia 47), Paris 2018, p. 79-84, 292-294, hier p. 79-82, 292-293.

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    St. Gall, Stadtbibliothek, 338

    St. Gall, Stadtbibliothek, 338

    Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

    Repository:

    St. Gallen (Switzerland)
    Stadtbibliothek
    338

    Siglum (by Eckhardt 1962): K 21


    History:

    Origin:
    end of the 9th century (Beyerle/Buchner); end of the 9th or beginning of the 10th century (Buchner); 10th century (von Schwind, Lehmann/Eckhardt 1966); 2nd quarter of the 9th century, „bestes Mainz“ (Bischoff) (Kottje); 10th/11th century (Bischoff HA); 1st half of the 9th century, Mainz, additions: 4th quarter of the 9th century, St Gall (Eckhardt 1962 following Bischoff, Bischoff)

    Provenance:
    Previously in possession of Vadian. (Eckhardt 1962)


    Physical description:


    Quires:
    Number:
    Size: 280 x 285 mm


    Script:

    Glosses:


    Contents:

    • 1 - 64
      Lex Salica
    • 65 - 109
      Lex Ribuaria
    • 109 - 110
      Lex Alamannorum (titles 7.8)
    • 111 - 158
      Lex Alamannorum
    • 158 - 160
      prologue to the Lex Baiuvariorum (with heading: DE LEGIBUS; without any indication of the prologue's origin)

    References:


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    Rome, Biblioteca Vallicelliana, C. 20

    Rome, Biblioteca Vallicelliana, C. 20

    Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

    Repository:

    Rom (Italy)
    Biblioteca Vallicelliana
    C. 20

    Siglum (by Eckhardt 1962): K 75


    History:

    Origin:
    hand of the 16th century., archetype unknown (Beyerle/Buchner); 16th century (von Schwind, Eckhardt 1962)

    Provenance:
    at least since 1749 in the Bibliotheca Vallicelliana (Buchner 1940)


    Physical description:

    Material: paper
    Quires: VIII16 // (IV-1)23 + II27 // II31 // II35 [foll. 36-38 missing] // (X+1)60 // VI72 + VI84 // III90 // 2.VI113 [95 counted twice]+ VIII129. Codex consists of eight different parts.
    Number: 129 foll.
    Size: 305 x 220 mm (VIII)
    Text block: 210-220x150-160 (VIII)

    Script: humanistic cursive

    Glosses:


    Contents:

    • parts I-VII: various texts on church history (Cresconius, Papal letters from the 6th to the 16th century, Genesius Sepulbeda etc.)
      IIr: Cresconius de concordia canonum et aliorum opuscula. Codex XVI saeculi
      IIIr : Index rerum quae in hoc volumine cotinentur. (printed by Coroleu/Solana Pujalte)
      IV: leer
      Vr: IN PLUTEO II. Index eorum que hoco tomo cotinentur.

    • part VIII of the codex with leges:
    • -- 91r
      empty
    • -- 91v - 104v
      Lex Salica with list of titles
      91v: INCIPIUNT CAPITULA LEGI [!] SALICA FRANCORUM AD IUDICANDUM.
      93r: INCIPIT LIBER LEGISALICA

    • -- 105r - 108v
      Lex Baiuvariorum (type E; prologue, list of titles and text) Stemma
    • -- 109r - 117r
      Lex Ribuaria (list of titles and text) Stemma
    • -- 117r - 128v
      Lex Alamannorum (list of titles and text; -99, 12)
    • -- 129r
      empty
    Buchner 1940 p. 70 already noticed that the titles 36, 5 to 37, 3 (new count: 40, 5 to 41.3) from the B-version of the Lex Ribuaria were inserted between LS (K) 36 and 37. He believed that the text was supposed to have been inserted in the following Lex Ribuaria to substitute the A-version, but had mistakenly been added to the Salic law. According to Buchner, the insertion derived from a medieval template, because the unknown 16th-century scribe copied his models verbatim. This statement is absurd, since one is left wondering why the text was not inserted directly in the correct spot of Lex Ribuaria. Rather, it can be assumed that the medieval copyist added the titles on the wergild of clerics and the dos of women intentionally, because these topics were missing in the Salic law. Buchner also did not notice that the present version of the Lex Salica has certain peculiarities. For example, some otherwise unrecorded texts follow after LS (K) 36, 3:
    98r: Si quis in messem alienam super noctem introierit per furtum aut furaverit aut animalia vastaverit et ibi invenerit per f__ctum [?] per fortiam expoliatum, cum manibus ligatum ante seniores ab ipso furtum praesentare faciat et cum hoc iudicatum habere[?] sunt den. DC q. faciunt sol. XV cul. iud.
    Si quis in messe aliena expalmitraverit et ibi inventus fuerit, CXX den. q. faciunt sol. III culp. iud. Si quis per malum ingenuum incurrit alterum vel in casam vel ubicumque miserit aliquod quod furatum est nesciente domino cuius possessio est, et ibidem inventus fuerit ille qui miserit [=LS (K) 36, 5], si servus aut CXX ictos accipiat aut dominus pro servo suo sol. VI componat, sed si ingenuus fuerit, sol. XV cul. iud.
    XXXVII. DE CLERICIS DIAC. SUBDIAC. PRESBIT. EPISCOPIS seu monachis sive ecclesiasticis et feminarum partu. [Karl Ubl]

    References:


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    Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, nouv. acq. Lat. 204

    Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, nouv. acq. Lat. 204

    Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

    Repository:

    Paris (France)
    Bibliothèque Nationale
    nouv. acq. Lat. 204

    Siglum (by Mordek 1995): P28
    Siglum (by Eckhardt 1962): K 27

    Digital image available at BnF


    History:

    Origin:
    10/11th century (Mommsen, von Schwind, Lehmann/Eckhardt 1966); 820s/30s, Tours (Liebs); 2nd quarter of the 9th century, Tours (Mordek); 10th century (von Salis); 10th/11th century, „Tours o. Umgebung?“ (Bischoff) (Kottje); 9th or beginning of the 10th century (Bischoff HA); 1st half of the 9th century (Eckhardt 1962 following Bischoff); 1st(/2nd) quarter of the 9th century (post A.D. 818/819 ?), Tours (Bischoff)

    Provenance:
    Bought by Paris National library in 1875 (Eckhardt 1962, Krusch 1924)


    Physical description:

    Material: Parchment
    Quires:
    Number: 95 foll.
    Size: 235-237 x 190 mm
    Text block: 192-198 x 140-145 mm
    Lines: 27


    Script: Caroline minuscule

    Glosses:


    Contents:

    • 1r - 20v
      Lex Salica (Karolina emendata, list of titles and text)
    • 20v - 24v
      various capitularies
    • 25r - 40v
      Lex Alamannorum (type B, list of titles and text)
    • 40v - 58v
      fragment the Lex Baiuvariorum (type E, prologue, list of titles and text)
    • 59r - 77r
      fragment of the Lex Burgundionum (type B, text)
    • Lex Romana Burgundionum (title 17, added as title 89 to the Lex Burgundionum)
    • 77r - v
      Formulae imperiales e curia Ludovici Pii, No. 15
    • 78r - 94v
      fragment of the Epitome Aegidii (praefatio, list of titles and text)
    • 95r - v
      small fragment with 11 deprecated lines; incomplete text of LRV CTh XIII 1 up to XIV 1, then XVI 1

    References:


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    Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Lat. 9656

    Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Lat. 9656

    Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

    Repository:

    Paris (France)
    Bibliothèque Nationale
    Lat. 9656

    Siglum (by Mordek 1995): P49
    Siglum (by Eckhardt 1962): K 44

    Digital image available at BnF


    History:

    Origin:
    10th or 11th century, monastery of San Eufemia in Verona (Eckhardt 1962); ca. middle of the 11th century, North Italy (Mordek); 4th quarter of the 11th century/beginning of the 12th century, probably Pavia (Ciaralli)

    Provenance:
    quondam in San Eufemia in Verona; afterwards in possession of Count Paolino de'Gianfilippi, Verona; in Paris since 1843. (Eckhardt 1962)


    Physical description:

    Material: Parchment
    Quires:
    Number: 115 foll.
    Size: 260-270 x 160-170 mm


    Script: Caroline minuscule

    Glosses:


    Contents:

    • 1r - 104v
      Liber Papiensis
    • 104v - 108v
      Liber Papiensis, Additio tertia: Cartularium
    • 109r
      Lex Baiuvariorum (end of prologue)
    • 109r - 115v
      Lex Salica (Karolina emendata, text)

    References:


    Downloads:

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    Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Lat. 9654

    Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Lat. 9654

    Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

    Repository:

    Paris (France)
    Bibliothèque Nationale
    Lat. 9654

    Siglum (by Mordek 1995): P
    Siglum (by Eckhardt 1962): K 32

    Digital image available at BnF


    History:

    Origin:
    late 10th or 11th century, presumably West Frankish origin (Beyerle/Buchner); 10th/11th century, Lotharingia (presumably Metz) (Mordek); 10th century (von Schwind, Lehmann/Eckhardt 1966, Sohm); 10th century, Metz, St Vincentius (Kottje); 10th century, Metz, St Vincent (Bischoff HA); 10th century, monastery of St Vincent in Metz (Eckhardt 1962)

    Provenance:
    St Vincent in Metz (Mordek); 1677 Collège Clermont; in Paris since 1810. (Eckhardt 1962)


    Physical description:

    Material: Parchment
    Quires:
    Number: 172 foll. (counted A, 1 - 171)
    Size: 270 x 200 mm


    Script: Caroline minuscule

    Glosses:


    Contents:

    • Av
      miniature of a ruler
    • 1r - 11r, 11v - 14r, 14v - 70r, 70v - 121r, 121v - 122r
      comprehensive collection of capitularies, ecclesial capitula and council orders (e.g. Ansegis)
    • 11r - v
      formulae for oaths of allegiance
    • 14r - v
      Lex Salica (Recapitulatio solidorum) Stemma
    • 70r - v
      Lex Burgundionum (title 79 = BK 195 c. 1)
    • 70v
      CTh V 10 in the Epitome Aegidii version (= BK 195 c. 2)
    • 121r
      two lists of Frankish rulers
    • 121r - v
      Lex Salica (long prologue)
    • 121v
      Lex Salica (short prologue) Stemma
    • 122r - 134r
      Lex Salica (Karolina emendata, text)
    • 134r - 135r
      Lex Francorum Chamavorum
    • 135r - 143r
      Lex Ribuaria (type B, text)
    • 143v - 154r
      Lex Alamannorum (type B, text)
    • 154r - 171v
      Lex Baiuvariorum (type E, prologue, list of titles and text) Stemma

    References:

  • Sohm 1883 p. 115
  • Krusch 1924 p. 108-109
  • von Schwind 1926 p. 183
  • Buchner 1940 p. 78-80
  • Beyerle / Buchner 1954 p. 36
  • Eckhardt 1962 p. XX
  • Lehmann / Eckhardt 1966 p. 16
  • Kottje 1986 p. 21
  • Kottje 1987 p. 366, 373
  • Schott 1988 p. 105
  • Gontrum 1993 Part 2 p. 134-147
  • Mordek 1995 p. 35, 72, 82, 199, 201, 233, 289, 325, 333, 387, 401, 431, 466, 492, 494, 514, 537, 549, 553, 562-578, 592, 619-620, 701, 709, 781, 786, 819, 821, 836, 858, 1024, 1032 [PDF-Download]
  • Schmitz 1996 p. 133-135
  • Bischoff HA Fiche 31, 8.3 (p. 64), Fiche 32, 3.11 (p. 51)
  • Mordek 2005 p. 31-52
  • Hartmann 2008 p. 91, 95 (n. 191), 97, 199, 334
  • Coma Fort 2014 p. 322
  • Renard 2014 p. 1009-1020
  • Faulkner 2016 p. 26, 29-30, 32, 111, 124, 131, 145, 171, 173, 218, 221-222
  • Ubl 2017 p. 70, 225, 235, 241
  • Charles West, Legal Culture in Tenth-Century Lotharingia, in: Conrad Leyser / David W. Rollason / Hannah Williams (Hrsg.), England and the Continent in the Tenth Century: Studies in Honour of Wilhelm Levison (1876-1947) (Studies in the Early Middle Ages 37), Turnhout 2010, p. 351-375, hier p. 358-373.
  • Steffen Patzold, Das sogenannte "Capitulare Aquisgranense" Karls des Großen und die letzte Reforminitiative Ludwigs des Frommen im Jahr 829, in: Deutsches Archiv 71 (2015), p. 459-473.

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