place: Tours

Warsaw, Biblioteka Uniwersytecka, 1 [Quart 1]

Warsaw, Biblioteka Uniwersytecka, 1 [Quart 1]

Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

Repository:

Warschau (Poland)
Biblioteka Uniwersytecka
1 [Quart 1]

Siglum (by Mordek 1995): Wa
Siglum (by Eckhardt 1962): E 13

Digital image available at Biblioteka Uniwersytecka W Warszawie

Note(s): According to Mommsen this is the twin codex of Berlin, Staatsbibliothek - Preußischer Kulturbesitz, Lat. qu. 150

History:

Origin:
9th century, Gaul (Hänel); 1st to 2nd quarter of the 9th century, Tours (Mordek, Liebs); 2nd quarter of the 9th century, Tours (or leges-scriptorium?) (Bischoff); after 815, Tours (Eckhardt 1962 following Bischoff); late 9th century (Meyer); 1st/2nd quarter of the 9th century (Bischoff)

Provenance:
From the Collège Clermont in Paris; in possession of Professor Friedrich L. Keller in 1849; bought by Warsaw Library in 1862 from Keller's estate. (Eckhardt 1962)


Physical description:

Material: Parchment
Quires:
Number: 269 foll.
Size: 235 x 165 mm
Text block: ca. 180 x 130 mm
Lines: 24


Script: Caroline minuscule

Glosses:


Contents:

  • 1r - 206r
    Lex Romana Visigothorum (commonitorium, capitulationes and text)
  • 206v - 223v
    Lex Salica (type E, long prologue, list of titles and text) Stemma
  • 223v - 225v
    Childeberti II decretio
  • 225v
    Lex Salica (epilogue)
  • 226r - 250v
    collection of formulae from Tours with additamenta
  • 251r - 254r
    Isidore, Etymologiae (excerpt)
  • 254v - 268v
    excerpt from the council part of the Collectio Dionysiana
  • 268v - 269r
    Additamentum 8 of the Tours' collection of formulae
  • 269r
    excerpt from Siricius
  • 269r - v
    Latin-Latin synonym glossary

References:


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Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Reg. Lat. 991

Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Reg. Lat. 991

Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

Repository:

Vatikan (Vatican City State)
Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana
Reg. Lat. 991

Siglum (by Mordek 1995): V32
Siglum (by Eckhardt 1962): K 71

Digital image available at BAV


History:

Origin:
11th century (Hänel, Mommsen, Meyer); 820s/30s, Tours (Liebs); 2nd quarter of the 9th century, French or Lotharingian (court / court circle) (Mordek); beginning of the 10th century, chancery-affiliated (Beyerle/Buchner); late 9th or 10th century (von Schwind); 2nd quarter of the 9th century, Lotharingian (?) (Kottje); 9th century (Lehmann/Eckhardt 1966); 2nd quarter of the 9th century, Lotharingia (?) (partly from the Leges-scriptorium?) (Bischoff)

Provenance:
In possession of Alexandre Petau in 1647 (Eckhardt 1962)


Physical description:

Material: Parchment
Quires:
Number: 171 foll.
Size: 254-257 x 188-189 mm
Text block: 195-200 x 130-135 mm
Lines: 23


Script: Caroline minuscule

Glosses:


Contents:

  • 1r - 19v
    Lex Ribuaria (type B, list of titles and text)
  • 19v - 20v, 50r - 51v
    Alcuin, Officia per ferias seu psalmi secandum dies hebdomadae singulos [...] dispositi: Confessio peccatorum (addition)
  • 21r - 49v
    Lex Salica (Karolina emendata, list of titles and text)
  • 52r - 66v
    Lex Alamannorum (type B, list of titles and text)
  • 67r - 105r
    Lex Baiuvariorum (type E, prologue, list of titles and text) Stemma
  • 105r - v
    Capitula ad legem Baiuvariorum addita (addition, presumably 9th century)
  • 105v - 107r
    prayer, pseudo-Augustine
  • 107v - 167v
    Epitome Aegidii (praefatio, list of titles and text)

References:


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Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Reg. Lat. 846

Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Reg. Lat. 846

Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

Repository:

Vatikan (Vatican City State)
Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana
Reg. Lat. 846

Siglum (by Mordek 1995): V13
Siglum (by Eckhardt 1962): E 11

Digital image available at BAV

N.B.: Bernhard Bischoff mentions incorrectly the Codex Theodosianus for this codex.

History:

Origin:
8th century (Hänel, Mommsen, Meyer); 820s/30s, Tours (Liebs); 1st quarter of the 9th century, France (Mordek, „vom Hofe abhängig, in Tours-ähnlichem Stil“ [Bischoff]); 1st quarter of the 9th century (Eckhardt 1962 following Bischoff); 1st quarter of the 9th century (Bischoff)

Provenance:
1647 in possession of Alexandre Petau. (Eckhardt 1962)


Physical description:

Material: Parchment
Quires:
Number: 114 foll.
Size: 245 x 192-195 mm
Text block: 200 x 135-140 mm
Lines: 25


Script: Caroline minuscule and Tironian notes

Glosses:


Contents:

  • 1r
    table of contents by Petaus; alphabet, excercise syllables for learning Tironian notes and parts of the Lord's Prayer (9th/10th century)
  • 1v - 67v
    Epitome Aegidii of the Lex Romana Visigothorum (list of titles and text; foll. 1v-8v additions to the capitulatio in Tironian notes)
  • 68r - 79r
    Isidore, Etymologiae
  • 79v - 96r
    Lex Salica (type E, list of kings, list of titles, long prologue and text) Stemma
  • 96r - 97v
    Childeberti II decretio
  • 97v
    Lex Salica (type E, epilogue)
  • 97v - 98v
    Capitulare Haristallense
  • 99r - 114v
    various texts (mostly in Tironian notes, e.g. Defensor of Ligugé, Liber scintillarum and Eucherius of Lyon, Instructiones as well as Isidore, Etymologiae)

References:


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St. Gall, Stiftsbibliothek, 729

St. Gall, Stiftsbibliothek, 729

Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

Repository:

St. Gallen (Switzerland)
Stiftsbibliothek
729

Siglum (by Mordek 1995): Sg5
Siglum (by Eckhardt 1962): E 14

Digital image available at e-codices


History:

Origin:
9th century (Hänel, Mommsen, Lehmann/Eckhardt 1966); 820s/30s, Tours (Liebs); 1st quarter of the 9th century, France (court circle?) (Mordek); ca. 1st to 2nd quarter of the 9th century, „französisch“ (Bischoff) (Kottje); beginning of the 9th century, French (some sililarities to the early Tours script) (Bischoff HA); 1st quarter of the 9th century, presumably in West France (Eckhardt 1962 following Bischoff); 1st(/2nd) quarter of the 9th century, (West-)France ("Leges scriptorium" ?) (Bischoff)

Provenance:
mentioned in the earliest catalogue of St Gall library; later in Greplang castle; bought back by the library in 1768 together with the estate of Gilg Tschudi. (Eckhardt 1962)


Physical description:

Material: Parchment
Quires:
Number: 3 parts, 203 foll. (paginated 1-404, 49a, 49b)
Size: 235 x 160 mm

Lines: 19-25


Script: Caroline minuscule

Glosses:


Contents:

  • 1 - 260
    Epitome Aegidii of the Lex Romana Visigothorum
  • 261 - 328
    Lex Salica (type E, list of titles, long prologue and text) Stemma
  • 328 - 334
    Childeberti II decretio
  • 334
    Lex Salica (epilogue)
  • 335 - 404
    Lex Alamannorum (type A, text) Stemma

References:

  • Hänel 1849 p. LXXVIII-LXXIX
  • Mommsen 1905 p. CI
  • Eckhardt 1962 p. XVII
  • Lehmann / Eckhardt 1966 p. 13
  • Kottje 1987 p. 366, 373
  • Schott 1988 p. 105
  • Mordek 1995 p. 423, 666, 668-671 [PDF-Download]
  • Bischoff HA Fiche 67, 5.10 (p. 83)
  • Liebs 2002 p. 111 (n. 107), 222 (n. 489 p. 221, 490)
  • Hartmann 2004 p. 321
  • Kaiser 2010 p. 580-581
  • Siems 2013 p. 203 (n. 53), 206
  • Bischoff 2014 p. 332
  • Coma Fort 2014 p. 312-313
  • Ubl 2014 p. 47 (n. 16), 59-60, 64
  • Faulkner 2016 p. 195-196, 198, 215-217, 262
  • Ubl 2017 p. 173-174, 231-232
  • Trump 2021 p. 106-110, 255-260
  • Die Handschriften der Stiftsbibliothek St. Gallen. Bd. 3, Abt. V: Codices 670-749. Iuridica. Kanonisches, römisches und germanisches Recht. Beschreibendes Verzeichnis bearbeitet von Philipp Lenz und Stefania Ortelli, Wiesbaden 2014, p. 247-251.
  • Wenn Bücher Recht haben. Justitia und ihre Helfer in Handschriften der Stiftsbibliothek St. Gallen. Katalog zur Jahresausstellung in der Stiftsbibliothek St. Gallen (30. November 2014 bis 8. November 2015), St. Gallen 2014, p. 38-39.

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    Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, nouv. acq. Lat. 204

    Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, nouv. acq. Lat. 204

    Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

    Repository:

    Paris (France)
    Bibliothèque Nationale
    nouv. acq. Lat. 204

    Siglum (by Mordek 1995): P28
    Siglum (by Eckhardt 1962): K 27

    Digital image available at BnF


    History:

    Origin:
    10/11th century (Mommsen, von Schwind, Lehmann/Eckhardt 1966); 820s/30s, Tours (Liebs); 2nd quarter of the 9th century, Tours (Mordek); 10th century (von Salis); 10th/11th century, „Tours o. Umgebung?“ (Bischoff) (Kottje); 9th or beginning of the 10th century (Bischoff HA); 1st half of the 9th century (Eckhardt 1962 following Bischoff); 1st(/2nd) quarter of the 9th century (post A.D. 818/819 ?), Tours (Bischoff)

    Provenance:
    Bought by Paris National library in 1875 (Eckhardt 1962, Krusch 1924)


    Physical description:

    Material: Parchment
    Quires:
    Number: 95 foll.
    Size: 235-237 x 190 mm
    Text block: 192-198 x 140-145 mm
    Lines: 27


    Script: Caroline minuscule

    Glosses:


    Contents:

    • 1r - 20v
      Lex Salica (Karolina emendata, list of titles and text)
    • 20v - 24v
      various capitularies
    • 25r - 40v
      Lex Alamannorum (type B, list of titles and text)
    • 40v - 58v
      fragment the Lex Baiuvariorum (type E, prologue, list of titles and text)
    • 59r - 77r
      fragment of the Lex Burgundionum (type B, text)
    • Lex Romana Burgundionum (title 17, added as title 89 to the Lex Burgundionum)
    • 77r - v
      Formulae imperiales e curia Ludovici Pii, No. 15
    • 78r - 94v
      fragment of the Epitome Aegidii (praefatio, list of titles and text)
    • 95r - v
      small fragment with 11 deprecated lines; incomplete text of LRV CTh XIII 1 up to XIV 1, then XVI 1

    References:


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    Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Lat. 18237

    Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Lat. 18237

    Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

    Repository:

    Paris (France)
    Bibliothèque Nationale
    Lat. 18237

    Siglum (by Mordek 1995): P25
    Siglum (by Eckhardt 1962): C 6

    Digital image available at BnF


    History:

    Origin:
    9th century (von Schwind, Lehmann/Eckhardt 1966); 2nd quarter of the 9th century, presumably from France (Mordek); 2nd quarter of the 9th century, Paris, N.-Dame (Kottje); ca. 1st half of the 9th century, Notre-Dame, partly Tours (Bischoff HA); 2nd quarter of the 9th century (Eckhardt 1962); ca. 2nd quarter of the 9th century, East France (Bischoff)

    Provenance:
    In possession of Antoine Loisel at the beginning of the 17th century. (Eckhardt 1962)


    Physical description:


    Quires:
    Number:
    Size: 221-225 x 156-161 mm
    Text block: 155-210 x 105-135 mm
    Lines: 19-21, 26-27


    Script: Caroline minuscule

    Glosses:


    Contents:

    • Ar - v, 1v, 96bis - ter
      various capitularies (on paper sheets, presumably written in the 16th century)
    • 1bis r - 64v
      Ansegis' collection of capitularies
    • 64a - 64d
      paper sheets, partly containing additions to the text
    • 65r
      probationes pennae
    • 65va - 66ra
      Lex Salica (type D, long prologue) Stemma
    • 66ra-rb
      Lex Salica (type C, short prologue) Stemma
    • 66rb - 68ra
      Lex Salica (type C, Septem causae)
    • 68ra - 92va
      Lex Salica (type C, list of titles and text) Stemma
    • 92va - 94va
      Pactus Childeberti I et Chlotharii I
    • 94va - 96rb
      Childeberti II decretio Stemma
    • 96v
      empty
    • 97ra - 120vb
      Isidore, Etymologiae
      [ N.B.: Merkel and von Schwind's identification of the prologue of the Lex Baiuvariorum might be based on this excerpt, cf. Mordek 1995 p. 616 [PDF-Download] ]
    • 121r
      empty
    • 121v - 144v
      Lex Alamannorum (type B, list of titles and text)

    References:


    Downloads:

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    Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Lat. 4416

    Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Lat. 4416

    Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

    Repository:

    Paris (France)
    Bibliothèque Nationale
    Lat. 4416

    Digital image available at BnF


    History:

    Origin:
    9th century (Hänel, Mommsen, Bischoff HA, Meyer); 820s/30s, Tours (Liebs); presumably beginning of the 10th century (Bischoff)

    Provenance:
    Formerly part of the library of Mazarin. 1688 Royal library. Mazarin: 149; Regius: 5186.


    Physical description:

    Material: Parchment
    Quires: IV8 + V18 + 2.IV33 + I35 + 4.IV66 + III72 quire numbers often trimmed, legible only on fol. 25v.
    Number: 74 sheets (foll. 24 and 55 counted twice)
    Size: 256 x 215 mm
    Text block: 215 x 140-5 mm
    Lines: 21-25
    Columns: Ruling (upper case columns left and right)

    Script: Caroline minuscule with few ligatures (rt, st) and no variant forms; some Tironian notes. Display script: seldom uncial and Capitalis quadrata, occasionally rubrics in Capitalis Rustica, from 26r onwards no longer in red but in black ink, from foll. 30-35v no rubrics, then again carried out in red ink.

    Glosses: (selected)
    12v: domum quod dicitur pretorium <id est dominicalem domum comitis sive regis> [Ep. Aeg. Cod. Theod. I 9, p. 26]
    50v l: Si quis civem civem [!] romanum ociderit [!], XL sol. culpabilis iudicetur.
    50v r: Si quis romanum poss[es]sorem qui infra patriam res iure proprias possidet, occiderit, componat C sol. [= Lex Salica (K) 41, 9, p. 157]
    Compositionem latini videlicet hominis cu[m] XXXV sol. iubet lex solvere.
    Deditii [!] vero compositionem cum XX sol. iubemus solvere. [all to Ep. Aeg. Gai Inst. I, p. 314]


    Contents:

    • 1r - 2r
      prologue of the Lex Baiuvariorum
      • 1r
        IN NOMINE DOMINI IESU CHRISTI INCIPIT PROLOGUS THEODOSIANE LEGIS. Moyses gentis Hebre[orum] …
    • 2r - 72v
      Epitome Aegidii of the Lex Romana Visigothorum, fragmentary at the end
      • 2r-10r
        table of contents of the Epitome. INCIPIUNT CAPITULA THEODOSIANI. LIBER I. [Table of contents until Papianus, De pactis inter virum et uxorem]
      • 10r
        INCIPIT LIBER LEGUM AUCTORITAS ALARICI VIDELICET REGIS.
      • 10v-11r
        INCIPIUNT TITULI LEGUM EX COPRORE THEODOSIANI BREVITER SUCCINCTI THEODOSII LIBER PRIMUS CAP. I.
      • 35r
        miniature of a labyrinth (domus Dedali)
      • 35v
        empty
      • 72v
        … omne iuditium transferre placuit. II. DE USUCAPIONE. [Paul. Sent. V, 2]
    Due to a typographical error, the codex was attributed to the "Leges scriptorium" of Louis the Pious by McKitterick (Carolingians and the Written Word, p. 58) [Paris lat. 4418 was actually meant]. Mordek (Bibliotheca p. 423) mentions the shelfmarks of both codices within his discussion of the "Leges scriptorium", causing Liebs to suggest that the codex came into being in Tours during the 820s/830s. Considering the script (minuscule, layout), a Tours origin is implausible. The usage of notae Tironianae (not mentioned in Hellmann, Tironische Noten) as well as the content, point to the manuscript's creation in a French scriptorium, presumably during the 2nd or 3rd third of the 9th century. Appearing before the text of the Epitome Aegidii is the prologue of the Lex Baiuvariorum, which is a particular case (previously unknown; not mentioned in the MGH edition); the prologue is often transmitted independently from the Bavarian codification. The Roman law of the Epitome is glossed occasionally. [Karl Ubl]

    References:

  • Hänel 1849 p. LXXV
  • Meyer 1905 p. LXI
  • Mommsen 1905 p. CI
  • McKitterick 1989 p. 58
  • Gontrum 1993 Part 2 p. 76-80
  • Mordek 1995 p. 423 [PDF-Download]
  • Bischoff HA Fiche 31, 7.56 (p. 18)
  • Liebs 2002 p. 111 (n. 107), 222 (n. 496)
  • Kaiser 2007 p. 433 (n. 8)
  • Hartmann 2008 p. 325
  • Bischoff 2014 p. 98
  • Coma Fort 2014 p. 314-315
  • Ganz 2015 p. 258
  • Faulkner 2016 p. 195-197, 226, 234-235, 237, 262, 267
  • Trump 2021 p. 75-80, 262-271
  • Detlef Liebs, Vier Arten von Römern unter den Franken im 6. bis 8. Jh., in: Zeitschrift der Savigny-Stiftung für Rechtsgeschichte. Romanistische Abteilung 133 (2016), p. 459-468.
  • Dominik Trump, Die Tironiana der Handschrift Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, lat. 4416, in: Zeitschrift der Savigny-Stiftung für Rechtsgeschichte. Romanistische Abteilung 135 (2018), p. 607-618.
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    Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Lat. 4408

    Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Lat. 4408

    Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

    Repository:

    Paris (France)
    Bibliothèque Nationale
    Lat. 4408

    Digital image available at BnF


    History:

    Origin:
    9th century (Hänel, Liebs, Mommsen, Meyer); 1st half of the 9th century, presumably area of Tours (Bischoff HA); ca. 1st/2nd quarter of the 9th century, presumably West France (Bischoff)


    Physical description:


    Quires:
    Number: 217 foll.
    Size: 280 x 197 mm
    Text block: 203 x ca. 140 mm
    Lines: 27


    Script:

    Glosses:


    Contents:

    • 1r - 11v
      Isidore, Etymologiae (De legibus)
    • 11v - 216v
      Lex Romana Visigothorum
    • 217r - v
      empty

    References:


    Downloads:

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