Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Lat. 4403 B

Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Lat. 4403 B

Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich


Paris (France)
Bibliothèque Nationale
Lat. 4403 B

Siglum (by Eckhardt 1962): C 5

Digital image available at BnF


partly 8th/partly 9th century, Gaul (Hänel); 8th century (foll. 1-7) / 9th century (rest up to 95r), Luxeuil (Liebs); end of the 8th century, Luxeuil (Mordek); 8th/9th century (Mommsen, Meyer); 8th century (CLA) / (beginning of the) 1st third of the 9th/9th century, between Germany and France (?), partly around Trier area, school of Luxeuil (Bischoff HA); end of the 8th century, written in Luxeuil (Bischoff) (Eckhardt 1962); 1st third of the 9th century, Luxeuil (Bischoff)

Library of Charles IX. in Fontainebleau. Former shelfmarks: 1052 (Rigault); 1151 (Dupuy); 5181 (Regius).

Physical description:

Quires: (IV-1)7 + 7.IV78 + (IV-1)85 + V95 + 2.IV111 + (II-1)114. The quires have been inverted: The fourth quire originally followed the second, the seventh quire the fifth. The order of the leaves is mixed up in quire one (2, 4-7, 1, 3) and quire four (25, 26, 23, 24, 29, 30, 27, 28). Quire numbers: fol. 3v, 15v, 22v, 28r, 38v, 62v, 70v.
Number: 115 foll. (fol. 19 & 19bis)
Size: 256 x 175 mm (gr. Part: 250 x 175)
Text block: 240 x 140 mm (gr. Part: 204 x 150 mm)
Lines: 32-33

Script: Blend of Caroline minuscule and half-uncial, multiple scribes, partly a mix of uncial and half-uncial, as well as charter hand on f. 95r (for further details, cf. Bischoff, Katalog 3, p. 94).
Binding: Brown leather on wood with golden printing (Leges Theodosii) and the coat of arms of Louis XIV.



  • 1 - 95r
    Lex Romana Visigothorum, Epitome Monachi. Incipit: [quam quatuor] menses permittatur quibus ex[actis] etiam si aliud beneficium dominorum [Epitome II, 6, 1, ed. Hänel p. 41]; due to a confused order the beginning of the Epitome starts on fol. 2r (ed. Hänel, p. 5-452). Explicit: … ut neuter coniugum sit locuplitior. Fol. 46v has a 10th-century list of names in reversed typeface, which von Boeren (p. 43) interpreted as a toll register, Bischoff (p. 94) as a list of wrongdoers. Transcription in Boeren p. 43, who locates the list to North-East-France. The names, however, are also traceable in 10th-century diplomas from Cluny.
  • 95v
    Paulinus of Aquileia, neumed hymn for the feast of St. Peter and Paul (ed. Boucherie, Melanges latins, p. 10 f.).
  • 96v - 111v
    Lex Salica (C-version). list of titles, excerpt from the prologue Stemma and text Stemma. Incipit: INCIPIT PACTUS SALICAE LEGIS. PRIMA DE MANNIRE … Explicit: … SOLIDUS XV CULPABILIS IUDICETUR EXC. CAP. ET DEL. 111v: The last title is followed by a blessing from the 10th century (barely readable): Maria cuncta te cumfondat … Transcription in Boeren p. 43 f.
  • 112r - 114v
    Greek fragment (sermon to Lucas)
The manuscript consists of two parts. The Salian law starts on a new quire without quire numeration. The list of titles is in uncial script, whereas a minuscule was used for the indices within the breviary. The last title of the Lex Salica is also written in uncial script, but the breviary ends in court hand. The breviary contains running headlines, but the Lex Salica does not. Nevertheless, both parts of the codex come from the same scriptorium, since the script is similar and to some extent carried out by the same scribes (cf. Bischoff p. 94). Both parts show minor emendations. [Karl Ubl]


  • Hänel 1849 p. LXXXII
  • Meyer 1905 p. LXII
  • Mommsen 1905 p. CII
  • Eckhardt 1962 p. XV
  • Mordek 1995 p. 615 [PDF-Download]
  • Bischoff HA Fiche 31, 7.55 (p. 17), Fiche 34, 3.9-3.10 (p. 82, 86)
  • Liebs 2002 p. 112 (n. 110), 250 (n. 641 p. 249)
  • Ganivet 2009 p. 301 (n. 89)
  • Bischoff 2014 p. 94
  • Coma Fort 2014 p. 333
  • Ubl 2017 p. 69-70, 232
  • Catalogus codicum manuscriptorum Bibliothecae Regiae 3,3 (Paris 1744) p. 589.
  • Georg Heinrich Pertz, II. Die Gesetze, in: Archiv 7 (1839), p. 719-833, hier p. 730.
  • Jean Marie Pardessus, Loi Salique ou recueil contenant les anciennes rédactions de cette loi et le texte connu sous le nom de Lex Emendata avec des notes et des dissertations, Paris 1843, p. X. (Internet Archive)
  • Anatole Boucherie, Mélanges latins et bas-latins, in: Revue des langues romanes 7 (1875), p. 5-41, hier p. 9-11.
  • Petrus Boeren, Quelques remarques sur les manuscrits de la loi Salique, in: Tijdschrift voor Rechtsgeschiedenis 22 (1954), p. 33-67, hier 41-45.
  • Ruth Schmidt-Wiegand, Die kritische Ausgabe der Lex Salica - immer noch ein Problem, in: Zeitschrift der Savigny-Stiftung für Rechtsgeschichte. Germanistische Abteilung 76 (1959), p. 301-319, hier p. 313 n. 74, 317-318 n. 104a.
  • Hermann Nehlsen, Zur Aktualität und Effektivität germanischer Rechtsaufzeichnungen, in: Peter Classen (Hrsg.), Recht und Schrift im Mittelalter (Vorträge und Forschungen 23), Sigmaringen 1977, p. 449-502, hier 454, 459, 474 n. 115. (Konstanzer Arbeitskreis)
  • Alexander C. Murray, Germanic Kinship Structure. Studies in Law and Society in Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages (Studies and Texts 65), Toronto 1983, p. 123, 140 n. 14, 164 n. 7, 204 n. 6, 225, 227 n. 6, 233.
  • Patrick Wormald, The Making of English Law. King Alfred to the Twelfth Century, Oxford / Malden 1999, p. 63 n. 172.
  • Patrizia Lendinara, Presenza e collocazione dei componimenti poetici di Paolino d'Aquileia nei codici medievali, in: Paolo Chiesa (Hrsg.), Paolino d'Aquileia e il contributo italiano all'Europa carolingia. Atti del Convegno Internazionale di Studi, Cividale del Friuli-Premariacco, 10-13 ottobre 2002, Udine 2003, p. 329-371, hier p. 357.

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