lex: Lex Romana Burgundionum

Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Lat. 10753

Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Lat. 10753

Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

Repository:

Paris (France)
Bibliothèque Nationale
Lat. 10753

Siglum (by Mordek 1995): P23
Siglum (by Eckhardt 1962): K 30

Digital image available at BnF


History:

Origin:
end of the 10th/beginning of the 11th century (Hänel); middle to 2nd half of the 9th century, France (Burgundy?) (Mordek, Liebs); 10th/11th century (Mommsen, Meyer); 10th century (Beyerle/Buchner, Lehmann/Eckhardt 1966, von Salis); ca. middle of the 9th century, „etwa Burgund? jedenfalls französ.“ (Bischoff), Blois (?) (Kottje); 1st half to middle of the 9th/10th century, Blois (Bischoff HA); 3rd quarter of the 9th century (Eckhardt 1962 following Bischoff); ca. middle of the 9th century, France (ca. Burgundy ?) (Bischoff)

Provenance:
in possession of the church beati Launomari in Blois, then Collège Clermont (Eckhardt 1962)


Physical description:

Material: Parchment
Quires:
Number: 154 foll.
Size: 235-240 x 135-140 mm
Text block: 170-177 x 100-110 mm
Lines: 26-28

Script: Caroline minuscule

Glosses:


Contents:

  • 1r - 8v, 8v - 9r
    Lex Romana Visigothorum
  • 8v
    Lex Romana Burgundionum (title 3, 1)
  • 9r - 48v, 53r, 82v - 83v
    Lex Romana Visigothorum (Epitome Parisiana / Scintilla I)
  • 49r - 53r, 53r - 82v, 83v - 86r, 87r - 89r, 89r - v
    Lex Burgundionum (type A)
  • 86r - 87r
    Chlotharii I vel Chlotharii II praeceptio (511/561 or 584/628)
  • 90r - v (10. Jh.), 121v - 125v
    various capitularies
  • 91r
    fragment of a Benedictio aquae ferventis (addition 10th century)
  • 91v - 121v
    Lex Salica (Karolina emendata, list of titles and text)
  • 126r - 132v, 134r - 139v
    Lex Ribuaria (type A, text) Stemma
  • 139v - 150v, 133r - v, 151r - v, 153r - v, 152r - v, 154r - v
    Lex Alamannorum (type A) and partly unique version of the Pactus Alamannorum (both fragmentary) Stemma

References:

  • Hänel 1849 p. LXXIX-LXXX
  • von Salis 1892 p. 15, 21
  • Meyer 1905 p. LX, LXII
  • Mommsen 1905 p. LXXXIX-XC, CI-CII, CCCLXXIX
  • Buchner 1940 p. 59-60
  • Eckhardt 1962 p. XIX
  • Lehmann / Eckhardt 1966 p. 13-14
  • Beyerle / Buchner 1954 p. 33
  • Kottje 1987 p. 366, 373
  • Schott 1988 p. 78-79, 105
  • Mordek 1995 p. 460, 581-585, 608 [PDF-Download]
  • Bischoff HA Fiche 31, 8.5 (p. 66), Fiche 32, 3.12 (p. 52)
  • Esders 1997 p. 56-78
  • Kaiser 2002 p. 235-236, 238-240
  • Liebs 2002 p. 112 (n. 113 p. 113)
  • Hartmann 2004 p. 316-317
  • Kaiser 2007 p. 186 (n. 123)
  • Liebs 2007 p. 63 (n. 2)
  • Hartmann 2008 p. 88, 95 (n. 184), 96 (n. 196), 326
  • Lauranson-Rosaz 2009 p. 244 (n. 11)
  • Kaiser 2010 p. 575, 577
  • Liebs 2010 p. 626 (n. 26)
  • Bischoff 2014 p. 167
  • Coma Fort 2014 p. 335-337
  • Faulkner 2016 p. 111, 145, 207, 211
  • Ubl 2017 p. 45, 199, 228, 231, 237, 240

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    Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Lat. 4758

    Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Lat. 4758

    Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

    Repository:

    Paris (France)
    Bibliothèque Nationale
    Lat. 4758

    Siglum (by Mordek 1995): P19
    Siglum (by Eckhardt 1962): K 38

    Digital image available at BnF


    History:

    Origin:
    9th century (von Salis, Bischoff HA); 1st half of the 9th century, Burgundy (Mordek, Eckhardt 1962 following Bischoff); 1st third of the 9th century, presumably Burgundy (Bischoff)

    Provenance:
    in possession of Mazarin. (Eckhardt 1962)


    Physical description:

    Material: Parchment
    Quires:
    Number: 117 foll.
    Size: 175-178 x 130-133 mm
    Text block: 140-145 x 95-105 mm
    Lines: 17-18

    Script: Caroline minuscule

    Glosses:


    Contents:

    • 1r - v, 116v - 117v
      additions (9th/10th/11th century)
    • 2r - 6r
      Capitulare legibus additum
    • 6r - 8r
      Capitulare missorum
    • 8v - 63v
      Lex Salica (Karolina emendata, list of titles and text)
    • 63v - 116r
      Lex Burgundionum (type B, corrected and completed according to type A, list of titles and text)
    • Lex Romana Burgundionum (title 17, within the Lex Burgundionum)

    References:


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    Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Lat. 4418

    Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Lat. 4418

    Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

    Repository:

    Paris (France)
    Bibliothèque Nationale
    Lat. 4418

    Siglum (by Eckhardt 1962): K 24

    Digital image available at BnF


    History:

    Origin:
    10th century (Hänel, Mommsen, Zeumer, Meyer); 1st quarter of the 9th century, court school Aachen (Bischoff, Mordek, Liebs, Kaiser); late 9th century, presumably from South France (Beyerle/Buchner); 10th century (von Salis); 9th century, Narbonensis (García López); 1st quarter of the 9th century, court school of Louis the Pious (Eckhardt 1962 following Bischoff); ca. 2nd third of the 9th century, from some administrative centre in France (?) (Bischoff)

    Provenance:
    Formerly owned by the historian Jaques-Auguste de Thou in Paris (1553-1617), then via Colbert's library (no. 82) into the royal library (Regius 4696).


    Physical description:


    Quires: (III-1)5 + (IV+1)14 + 2.IV30 + III36 + 8.IV99 + 4.IV130 + (IV+1)138 + (IV+1)147 + 16.IV290. Quire numbers: (Q.) II-XXXVI
    Number: 294 foll. (foll. 73bis, 129bis, 131bis, 212bis)
    Size: 427 x ca. 300 mm
    Text block: 340 x 220 mm
    Lines: 39-40

    Script: Caroline minuscule, multiple hands, rubrics in capitalis and uncial script
    Binding: modern cardboard binding

    Glosses:


    Contents:

    • 1r - 37r
      Lex Romana Visigothorum, Epitome Aegidii. Fol. 1r on top: Salica Lex (10th century?). De iurisdictione et ubi quis conveniri debet (13th/14th century); below: Scri. Becelinus (Bischoff: Scribecelinus, 11th century; Buchner: Scn (?Sctus?) Becelinus)
    • 37v
      empty
    • 38ra - 140rb
      Epitome Iuliani
    • 140v
      empty
    • 141ra - 152rb
      Lex Ribuaria
    • 153ra - 169ra
      Lex Salica. List of titles and text
    • 169va - 188ra
      Lex Burgundionum
    • 188ra - rb
      Lex Romana Burgundionum tit. 17
    • 188v
      empty
    • 189r - va
      Chronica regum Visigothorum
    • 189va - 290ra
      Lex Visigothorum
    It is without doubt that - because of its huge format - this codex was not meant for ordinary judges (Bischoff), but as a representative law book (Mordek). Due to the lack of Alemanic and Bavarian law, Buchner suggested a South French origin. The assignment of this gigantic codex (Mordek) to the court library of Louis the Pious by Bernhard Bischoff biased any further research. Bischoff believed the scribe to be the same who wrote the Brussels Gospel (Ms. 18723) and a Seneca manuscript from Bamberg (Msc. Class. 46). In addition, Bischoff suggested that this codex might have ended with a copy of the South German leges. Based on this consideration, Mordek and McKitterick assigned the codex to the leges scriptorium of Louis the Pious. P. Wormald raised the possibility that Benedict of Aniane, a leading advisor to Louis, could have had an interest in the preservation of the Leges Visigothorum. For J. Busch the codex is proof of both elite exchange after the death of Charlemagne and the stronger influence of ancient role models, reflected in a more intense reception of Roman law at the court of Louis the Pious. These considerations have been questioned by Bischoff's last statement in his "Katalog der festländischen Handschriften". Here he argues in favor of the manuscript's origin at an administrative center in France in the secord third of the 9th century ("an einem Verwaltungszentrum in Frankreich, im zweiten Drittel des 9. Jahrhunderts"). Based on this new view, a connection with Charles the Bald is now possible, which also better fits the selection of texts. Further research on the codex, and especially on its glosses, is therefore necessary. In the 9th century the law book had two readers with interest in different parts of the codex. One annotated Justinian's novellae, but only particular passages concerned with monastic law. The Lex Salica was also an object of intensive examination (equation of tunginus with comes, raginburgi with iudices, grafio with comes, sagibarones with senatores). The abbreviation F.G.R.R. (fol. 195v) to invalidate all other law books in Lex Vis. II, 1, 20, p. 58: De remotis alienarum gentium legibus remains puzzling. [Karl Ubl]

    References:

  • Hänel 1849 p. LXXVI
  • Delisle 1868 p. 478
  • von Salis 1892 p. 16
  • Zeumer 1902 p. XX
  • Meyer 1905 p. LXI
  • Mommsen 1905 p. CI
  • Buchner 1940 p. 80-81
  • Beyerle / Buchner 1954 p. 36
  • Eckhardt 1962 p. XIX
  • McKitterick 1980 p. 16-17, 22-23
  • McKitterick 1989 p. 47, 50, 60
  • Mordek 1995 p. 423, 1031-1032 [PDF-Download]
  • García López 1996 p. 35, 43-44
  • Bischoff 1998 p. 161
  • Kaiser 2002 p. 213 (n. 6), 221 (n. 37), 229, 235
  • Liebs 2002 p. 102 (n. 62), 111 (n. 107), 163 (n. 209), 222 (n. 489 p. 221, 490-494)
  • Kaiser 2004 p. 12-13, 30-33
  • Kaiser 2007 p. 435-438
  • Radding / Ciaralli 2007 p. 49
  • Hartmann 2008 p. 96 (n. 197), 325
  • Kaiser 2009 p. 444-445, 446 (n. 43), 453, 454 (n. 41), 455-458, 459 (n. 68, 69, 70)
  • Bischoff 2014 p. 98
  • Coma Fort 2014 p. 309-310
  • Ubl 2014 p. 43-44
  • Ganz 2015 p. 259
  • Loschiavo 2015 p. 96 (n. 96), 103
  • Faulkner 2016 p. 195-197, 209-210, 213-216, 224-226, 256, 263, 267-268
  • Ubl 2017 p. 233-235, 237, 240
  • Catalogus codicum manuscriptorum Bibliothecae Regiae 3,3, Paris 1744, p. 591.
  • Gustav Hänel (Hrsg.), Iuliani Epitome Latina Novellarum Iustiniani, Leipzig 1873, p. III.
  • Bernhard Bischoff, Die Hofbibliothek unter Ludwig dem Frommen, in: Jonathan J. G. Alexander / Margaret T. Gibson (Hrsg.), Medieval Learning and literature. Essays presented to Richard William Hunt, Oxford 1976, p. 3-22, hier p. 14. (MGH)
  • Manuel C. Díaz y Díaz, La Lex Visigothorum y sus manuscritos. Un esayo de reinterpretación, in: Anuario de Historia del Derecho Español 46 (1976), p. 163-224, hier p. 165-166 n. 8.
  • Jean Vézin, Un manuscrit messin de la première moitié du XIe siècle (Reims, Bibl. mun. 1429), in: Pierre Cockshaw / Monique-Cécile Garand / Pierre Jodogne (Hrsg.), Miscellanea codicologica F. Masai dicata MCMLXXIX, 1 (Les publications de Scriptorium 8), Gent 1979, p. 157-164, hier p. 163 n. 27.
  • Harald Siems, Handel und Wucher im Spiegel frühmittelalterlicher Rechtsquellen (MGH Schriften 35), Hannover 1992, p. 324.
  • Patrick Wormald, The Making of English Law. King Alfred to the Twelfth Century, Oxford / Malden 1999, p. 58 n. 146, 62 n. 168, 64 n. 175, 64 n. 178, 69 n. 207.
  • Jörg W. Busch, Vom Amtswalten zum Königsdienst. Beobachtungen zur "Staatssprache" des Frühmittelalters am Beispiel des Wortes "administratio" (MGH Studien und Texte 42), Hannover 2007, p. 39-41.

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    Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Lat. 4415

    Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Lat. 4415

    Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

    Repository:

    Paris (France)
    Bibliothèque Nationale
    Lat. 4415

    Digital image available at BnF


    History:

    Origin:
    9th century, Gaul (Hänel); around the year 800, presumably from Gaul (copy of a text from 782 prepared in the late 8th or 9th century) (Liebs); 9th century copy of a text from 782 (Mommsen); 9th century (von Salis, Bischoff HA, Meyer); ca. 2nd third (?) of the 9th century, "In atrio sancto Aniani" (Orléans ?) (Bischoff)


    Physical description:


    Quires:
    Number: 118 foll.
    Size: 345 x 270 mm
    Text block: 244 x 203 resp. 230 mm
    Lines: 26-27

    Script:

    Glosses:


    Contents:

    • 1r - 110v
      Lex Romana Visigothorum with younger explanationes titulorum
    • 86v, 87r
      Lex Romana Burgundionum (titles 2. 28. 41.)
    • 110v - 118v
      Isidore, Etymologiae (De legibus)

    References:

  • Hänel 1849 p. LXVI-LXVII
  • von Salis 1892 p. 21
  • Tardif 1895 p. 660, 662, 663 (n. 2)
  • Meyer 1905 p. XXXI, XXXIV
  • Mommsen 1905 p. XCII, XCIX
  • Poly 1992 p. 66
  • Bischoff HA Fiche 31, 7.56 (p. 18)
  • Liebs 2002 p. 100 (n. 47), 110 (n. 104), 114 (n. 118), 117 (n. 137)
  • Bischoff 2014 p. 97-98
  • Coma Fort 2014 p. 280-282
  • Faulkner 2016 p. 230
  • Kaiser 2017a p. 407
  • Jean-Pierre Brunterc'h, Un monde lié aux archives: les juristes et les praticiens aux IXème et Xème siècles, in: Plaisir d'archives, recueil de travaux offerts à Danièle Neirinck, Mayenne 1997, p. 409–427, hier p. 426 n. 68.

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    Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Lat. 4414

    Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Lat. 4414

    Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

    Repository:

    Paris (France)
    Bibliothèque Nationale
    Lat. 4414

    Digital image available at BnF


    History:

    Origin:
    10th century (Hänel, Liebs, Mommsen, von Salis, Meyer); middle to 2nd half of the 9th century, bad South French script (Bischoff HA); ~4th quarter of the 9th century, South France (Hartmann, Bischoff)


    Physical description:


    Quires:
    Number: 166 foll.
    Size: 308 x 212 mm
    Text block: 240-250 x ca. 160 mm
    Lines: 27, 29

    Script:

    Glosses:


    Contents:

    • 1r
      Decalogus in novem hexametros and Liber de legibus Romanis
    • 1v - 15r
      list of titles and explanationes titulorum of the Lex Romana Visigothorum
    • 16v - 147v
      Lex Romana Visigothorum (without Commonitorium)
    • 135, 136
      Lex Romana Burgundionum (titles 2, 28, 41)
    • 147v - 158r
      Isidore
    • 158r - 159v, 160r - 161v
      various council canons (Orléans, Chalcedon)
    • 159v
      Lex Burgundionum (titles 24, 42)
    • 162, 163v - 164
      Gregorii chronicorum pars
    • 165
      medical tract

    References:


    Downloads:

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    Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Lat. 4412

    Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Lat. 4412

    Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

    Repository:

    Paris (France)
    Bibliothèque Nationale
    Lat. 4412

    Digital image available at BnF


    History:

    Origin:
    end of the 9th century (Hänel); end of the 9th century, presumably from France (Liebs); 9th century (Mommsen, Meyer); 9th century (von Salis, Bischoff HA); Foll. 1-126: 8th/9th century, presumably from Burgundy, Foll. 127-134 (Bischoff: Sententiae Pauli): ca. 3rd third of the 9th century, probably from South France (Bischoff)

    Provenance:
    First in possession of Pierre Pithou and Jacques-Auguste de Thou, later Colbert. (Gontrum 1993)


    Physical description:

    Material: Parchment
    Quires:
    Number: 134 foll.
    Size: 367-370 x 243-245 mm
    Text block: 275-302 x 185-205 mm
    Lines: 29, 31

    Script:

    Glosses:


    Contents:

    • 1r - 7v
      Liber ex lege Moysi
    • 8r - 129r
      Lex Romana Visigothorum
    • 72vb - 73r
      cognition treatise by Aelius Gallus
    • 129r - 134v
      Lex Romana Burgundionum

    References:


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    Montpellier, Bibliothèque Interuniversitaire (Section Médecine), H 136

    Montpellier, Bibliothèque Interuniversitaire (Section Médecine), H 136

    Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

    Repository:

    Montpellier (France)
    Bibliothèque Interuniversitaire (Section Médecine)
    H 136

    Siglum (by Mordek 1995): Mp
    Siglum (by Eckhardt 1962): D 7

    Digital image available at Bibliothèque virtuelle Biblioteca Europea


    History:

    Origin:
    beginning of the 10th century (Hänel); 10th century (Mommsen); 1st third of the 9th century (from fol. 179v onwards soon after 818/819), France (relation to court?) (Mordek); 1st or 2nd quarter of the 9th century, [Leges-scriptorium], South origin (Bischoff); 10th century (von Salis); 1st or 2nd quarter of the 9th century, additions dating later, after 819 (Eckhardt 1962)


    Physical description:

    Material: Parchment
    Quires:
    Number: 190 foll.
    Size: 281-285 x ca. 195 mm
    Text block: 210-235 x 140-155 mm
    Lines: 24-31

    Script: Caroline minuscule

    Glosses:


    Contents:

    • 1r - 156r
      Lex Romana Visigothorum with younger glosses and explanationes titulorum
    • 156r
      Lex Romana Burgundionum (title 2)
    • 156r - 170v
      Lex Salica (type D, long prologue, list of titles and text) Stemma
    • 170v - 172r
      Childeberti II. decretio
    • 172r
      Lex Salica (type D, epilogue and list of kings)
    • 172r - 174v, 175r - 189v
      various capitularies
    • 174v - 175r
      Lex Salica (Recapitulatio solidorum)
    • nach 189v
      additions from the 13th and 14th century: theological writings, Cyprian, epistles (Sidonius, Ivo of Chartres)
      [ N.B.: The additions have been removed in 1839 at the latest. Cf. Mordek 1995 p. 277. Hänel, who examined the codex in 1825 lists the missing pieces in his edition. ]

    References:


    Downloads:

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    London, British Library, Egerton 269

    London, British Library, Egerton 269

    Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

    Repository:

    London (Great Britain)
    British Library
    Egerton 269

    Siglum (by Mordek 1995): L
    Siglum (by Eckhardt 1962): K 52

    Note(s): together with Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Lat. 4633 and London, British Library, Egerton 2832; foll. 29-32 of Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Lat. 7561 follow fol. 17v of London, British Library, Egerton 269, bearing a fragment of the Divisio regnorum. For further information please see the following references: Tischler 2008 pp. 198 (n. 18), 199-200, 213, 244-246, 252 and Bischoff HA Fiche 31, 7.83 (p. 47), Fiche 36, 1.58 (p. 80).

    History:

    Origin:
    9th or 10th century, presumably of French origin (Beyerle/Buchner); beginning of the 10th century, North-East France (Corbie?) (Mordek); late 9th century (text of the Lex Ribuaria, Buchner); 10th century (von Salis); 1st quarter of the 10th century, North-East France? (Kottje); 10th or 11th century (Lehmann/Eckhardt 1966); end of the 9th century or beginning of the 10th century, Corbie (von Schwerin); first quarter of the 10th century, North-East France (Eckhardt 1962 following Bischoff)

    Provenance:
    Claudius Puteanus; Regius 5190. (Krusch 1924, Eckhardt 1962)


    Physical description:

    Material: Parchment
    Quires:
    Number: 15 foll. (numbered 3 - 17)
    Size: 240-245 x 175 mm


    Script: Caroline minuscule

    Glosses:


    Contents:

    • 3r
      continuation of the Lex Ribuaria (title 91,1 onwards)
    • 3r - 8v
      Lex Saxonum
    • 8v
      Capitulare legibus additum (capp. 1-2)
    • 9r - 12r
      Capitula legibus addenda (capp. 6-21)
    • 12r - 13v
      Capitula per se scribenda with additional chapter
    • 13v - 14r
      Capitula incerta
    • 14r - 16v
      Lex Alamannorum (type B, list of titles and text up to title 2,1)
    • 17r - v
      Lex Burgundionum (title 85 up to 88)
    • 17r - v
      Lex Romana Burgundionum (title 17)
    • 17v
      Divisio regnorum

    References:


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