lex: Lex Burgundionum

Burgundian Laws

Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Pal. Lat. 582

Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Pal. Lat. 582

Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

Repository:

Vatikan (Vatican City State)
Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana
Pal. Lat. 582

Siglum (by Mordek 1995): V

Digital image available at UB Heidelberg BAV

Note(s): The part of the manuscript Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Lat. 9654, which contains capitularies, is identical to the part in the Vatican codex. (Mordek, Kéry). The manuscript Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Barb. Lat. 635 is a slightly modified copy of Pal. Lat. 582. (Mordek)

History:

Origin:
1st half of the 10th century, North(-East) of France (near Reims?) (Mordek); 1st half of the 10th century (Bischoff)

Provenance:
Cathedral library Mainz (Mordek)


Physical description:

Material: Parchment
Quires:
Number: 156 foll.
Size: ca. 280 x 220-225 mm
Text block: 205-210 x 140-150 mm
Lines: 32-38

Script: Caroline minuscule

Glosses:


Contents:

  • 1 - 4
    two vitae
  • 5r - 33r, 75r - 78v, 78v - 125v
    various capitularies and council canons
  • 16v - 17v
    Lex Salica (Recapitulatio solidorum)
  • 33r - 75r
    Ansegisi abbatis capitularium collectio
  • 78v
    Lex Burgundionum (title 79 = BK 195 c. 1)
  • 78v
    Epitome Aegidii (CTh V 10 = BK 195 c. 2)
  • 126r - 139r
    pseudo-Amphilochios, Vita of Basil the Great
  • 139r - 141v
    Amalarius of Metz, Liber officialis
  • 141v - 153r
    Paulus Diaconus of Naples, Vita sanctae Mariae Aegyptiacae
  • 153v - 154r
    Passio sancti Simphoriani martiris (10th century)
  • 154v - 155v
    so-called Decretum Gelasianum (10th century)
  • 155v
    formula for handing over a son to a cloister (10th century)

References:


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Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Reg. Lat. 1128

Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Reg. Lat. 1128

Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

Repository:

Vatikan (Vatican City State)
Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana
Reg. Lat. 1128

Siglum (by Eckhardt 1962): K 73

Digital image available at BAV

N.B.: Bernhard Bischoff mentions incorrectly the Codex Theodosianus for this codex. The manuscript contains the Lex Romana Visigothorum.

History:

Origin:
10th century, Gaul (Hänel, Meyer); ca. 900, Fleury (Liebs); late 9th or 10th century, West-Frankish origin (Beyerle/Buchner); 10th century (von Salis); 10th or 11th century (Lehmann/Eckhardt 1966); 10th century, Burgundy (?) (Kottje); 1st half of the 9th century (Eckhardt 1962 following Bischoff); 1st half of the 9th century, St Gall (Avenarius); 1st half of the 9th century, rather France (Kaiser); 1st/2nd quarter of the 9th century, West France (partially Tours?), with initials from Reichenau(?) (Bischoff)

Provenance:
In possession of Alexandre Petau in 1647 (Eckhardt 1962, Avenarius 2005)


Physical description:


Quires:
Number: 271 sheets, loss afterwards
Size: ca. 350 x 246 mm

Lines: 35

Script: Caroline minuscule and Uncial

Glosses:


Contents:

  • flyleaf of Alexandre Petau
  • 1ra - b
    Incipit to the list of titles of the excerpts from the Codex Theodosianus; note of possession by Alexandre Petau
  • 1va - 3va
    list of titles to the excerpts from the Codex Theodosianus
  • 4r
    Incipit to the excerpts from the Codex
  • 4va - 100vb
    excerpts from the Codex Theodosianus with interpretations
  • 100vb
    Explicit to the excerpts from the Codex
  • 101ra - 102vb
    list of titles to the excerpts from the post-Theodosian novellae, the Gai Epitome, Pauli sententiae and to Papinianus
  • 103ra - 141vb
    excerpts from the post-Theodosian novellae with interpretations, the Gai Epitome, Pauli sententiae and to Papinianus
  • 141vb - 150va
    Gai Epitome with heading
  • 150va - 187va
    Pauli sententiae with heading and interpretationes
  • 187va - 190rb
    excerpts from the Codex Gregorianus with heading and interpretations
  • 190rb - va
    excerpts from the Codex Hermogenianus with interpretations
  • 190vb
    excerpt from Papinianus
  • 190vb - 202vb
    Liber singularis regularum
  • 203ra - 211va
    Notae iuris
  • 212ra - 232vb
    Lex Burgundionum (type A, list of titles and text with extravagantes)
  • 212ra - 214rb
    Lex Romana Burgundionum (title 17 and 44)
  • 233ra - 241vb
    Lex Ribuaria (type B, list of titles and text)
  • 242ra - 258ra
    Lex Salica (Karolina, list of titles and text)
  • 258va - 271vb
    Lex Alamannorum (type B, list of titles and text)

References:


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St. Paul im Lavanttal, Archiv des Benediktinerstiftes 4/1

St. Paul im Lavanttal, Archiv des Benediktinerstiftes 4/1

Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

Repository:

St. Paul im Lavanttal (Austria)
Archiv des Benediktinerstiftes


Siglum (by Mordek 1995): S
Siglum (by Eckhardt 1962): K 19

Digital image available at Carolingian Culture at Reichenau & St. Gall


History:

Origin:
beginning of the 10th century (Hänel); 1st third of the 9th century, North Italy (Liebs); 1st third of the 9th century (after 816 resp. 818/819 and 825), North Italy (Aquileia (?), according to Bischoff the codex originates from the same scriptorium as Vatikan, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Barb. Lat. 679) (Mordek); 10th century (Mommsen); 1st third of the 9th century, North Italy (Kaiser); main part presumably written before 818/819, probably of North Italian origin (Beyerle/Buchner); 9th century (von Salis, von Schwind, Lehmann/Eckhardt 1966); beginning of the 9th century (817-823?), North-East Italy (Aquileja?) (Kottje); 818/819, North Italy (Eckhardt 1962)

Provenance:
Bought by Martin Gerbert, abbot of St Blasien, from the estate of councillor Kruft. Got to St Paul within the context of secularisation. (Eckhardt 1962)


Physical description:

Material: Parchment
Quires:
Number: 184 foll.
Size: 302-305 x 193-197 mm
Text block: ca. 220-230 x 155 mm
Lines: 24-26

Script: Caroline minuscule

Glosses:


Contents:

  • 1r
    empty - except for two stamps of the St Paul archive
  • 1v - 2r
    two miniatures
  • 2v
    empty - except for St Paul archive stamp
  • 3ra - 6va, 154r - 168vb, 169va - 183v
    various capitularies (e.g. capitularies of Mantua)
  • 6vb - 26vb
    Lex Ribuaria (type B, list of titles and text)
  • 27ra - 57va
    Lex Salica (Karolina emendata, list of titles and text)
  • 57va - 93va
    Lex Baiuvariorum (type E, list of titles and text) Stemma
  • 93va - 116va
    Lex Alamannorum (type B, list of titles and text)
  • 116vb - 134rb
    Epitome Aegidii of the Lex Romana Visigothorum
  • 134v
    empty - except for St Paul archive stamp (end of quire)
  • 135ra - 153v
    Lex Burgundionum (type B)
  • Lex Romana Burgundionum (title 17)
  • 162rb - 164ra
    Liutprandi notitia de actoribus regis (733)
  • 168vb - 169rb
    Capitula excerpta canonica (excerpt from the Collectio Herovalliana)
  • 184r
    Indiculus eorum qui sacramentum fidelitatis iuraverunt
  • 184v
    probatio pennae, two stamps of the St Paul archive

References:


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Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, nouv. acq. Lat. 204

Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, nouv. acq. Lat. 204

Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

Repository:

Paris (France)
Bibliothèque Nationale
nouv. acq. Lat. 204

Siglum (by Mordek 1995): P28
Siglum (by Eckhardt 1962): K 27

Digital image available at BnF


History:

Origin:
10/11th century (Mommsen, von Schwind, Lehmann/Eckhardt 1966); 820s/30s, Tours (Liebs); 2nd quarter of the 9th century, Tours (Mordek); 10th century (von Salis); 10th/11th century, „Tours o. Umgebung?“ (Bischoff) (Kottje); 9th or beginning of the 10th century (Bischoff HA); 1st half of the 9th century (Eckhardt 1962 following Bischoff); 1st(/2nd) quarter of the 9th century (post A.D. 818/819 ?), Tours (Bischoff)

Provenance:
Bought by Paris National library in 1875 (Eckhardt 1962, Krusch 1924)


Physical description:

Material: Parchment
Quires:
Number: 95 foll.
Size: 235-237 x 190 mm
Text block: 192-198 x 140-145 mm
Lines: 27

Script: Caroline minuscule

Glosses:


Contents:

  • 1r - 20v
    Lex Salica (Karolina emendata, list of titles and text)
  • 20v - 24v
    various capitularies
  • 25r - 40v
    Lex Alamannorum (type B, list of titles and text)
  • 40v - 58v
    fragment the Lex Baiuvariorum (type E, prologue, list of titles and text)
  • 59r - 77r
    fragment of the Lex Burgundionum (type B, text)
  • Lex Romana Burgundionum (title 17, added as title 89 to the Lex Burgundionum)
  • 77r - v
    Formulae imperiales e curia Ludovici Pii, No. 15
  • 78r - 94v
    fragment of the Epitome Aegidii (praefatio, list of titles and text)
  • 95r - v
    small fragment with 11 deprecated lines; incomplete text of LRV CTh XIII 1 up to XIV 1, then XVI 1

References:


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Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Lat. 10753

Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Lat. 10753

Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

Repository:

Paris (France)
Bibliothèque Nationale
Lat. 10753

Siglum (by Mordek 1995): P23
Siglum (by Eckhardt 1962): K 30

Digital image available at BnF


History:

Origin:
end of the 10th/beginning of the 11th century (Hänel); middle to 2nd half of the 9th century, France (Burgundy?) (Mordek, Liebs); 10th/11th century (Mommsen, Meyer); 10th century (Beyerle/Buchner, Lehmann/Eckhardt 1966, von Salis); ca. middle of the 9th century, „etwa Burgund? jedenfalls französ.“ (Bischoff), Blois (?) (Kottje); 1st half to middle of the 9th/10th century, Blois (Bischoff HA); 3rd quarter of the 9th century (Eckhardt 1962 following Bischoff); ca. middle of the 9th century, France (ca. Burgundy ?) (Bischoff)

Provenance:
in possession of the church beati Launomari in Blois, then Collège Clermont (Eckhardt 1962)


Physical description:

Material: Parchment
Quires:
Number: 154 foll.
Size: 235-240 x 135-140 mm
Text block: 170-177 x 100-110 mm
Lines: 26-28

Script: Caroline minuscule

Glosses:


Contents:

  • 1r - 8v, 8v - 9r
    Lex Romana Visigothorum
  • 8v
    Lex Romana Burgundionum (title 3, 1)
  • 9r - 48v, 53r, 82v - 83v
    Lex Romana Visigothorum (Epitome Parisiana / Scintilla I)
  • 49r - 53r, 53r - 82v, 83v - 86r, 87r - 89r, 89r - v
    Lex Burgundionum (type A)
  • 86r - 87r
    Chlotharii I vel Chlotharii II praeceptio (511/561 or 584/628)
  • 90r - v (10. Jh.), 121v - 125v
    various capitularies
  • 91r
    fragment of a Benedictio aquae ferventis (addition 10th century)
  • 91v - 121v
    Lex Salica (Karolina emendata, list of titles and text)
  • 126r - 132v, 134r - 139v
    Lex Ribuaria (type A, text) Stemma
  • 139v - 150v, 133r - v, 151r - v, 153r - v, 152r - v, 154r - v
    Lex Alamannorum (type A) and partly unique version of the Pactus Alamannorum (both fragmentary) Stemma

References:

  • Hänel 1849 p. LXXIX-LXXX
  • von Salis 1892 p. 15, 21
  • Meyer 1905 p. LX, LXII
  • Mommsen 1905 p. LXXXIX-XC, CI-CII, CCCLXXIX
  • Buchner 1940 p. 59-60
  • Eckhardt 1962 p. XIX
  • Lehmann / Eckhardt 1966 p. 13-14
  • Beyerle / Buchner 1954 p. 33
  • Kottje 1987 p. 366, 373
  • Schott 1988 p. 78-79, 105
  • Mordek 1995 p. 460, 581-585, 608 [PDF-Download]
  • Bischoff HA Fiche 31, 8.5 (p. 66), Fiche 32, 3.12 (p. 52)
  • Esders 1997 p. 56-78
  • Kaiser 2002 p. 235-236, 238-240
  • Liebs 2002 p. 112 (n. 113 p. 113)
  • Hartmann 2004 p. 316-317
  • Kaiser 2007 p. 186 (n. 123)
  • Liebs 2007 p. 63 (n. 2)
  • Hartmann 2008 p. 88, 95 (n. 184), 96 (n. 196), 326
  • Lauranson-Rosaz 2008 p. 244 (n. 11)
  • Kaiser 2010 p. 575, 577
  • Liebs 2010 p. 626 (n. 26)
  • Bischoff 2014 p. 167
  • Coma Fort 2014 p. 335-337
  • Faulkner 2016 p. 111, 145, 207, 211
  • Ubl 2017 p. 45, 199, 228, 231, 237, 240

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    Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Lat. 9654

    Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Lat. 9654

    Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

    Repository:

    Paris (France)
    Bibliothèque Nationale
    Lat. 9654

    Siglum (by Mordek 1995): P
    Siglum (by Eckhardt 1962): K 32

    Digital image available at BnF


    History:

    Origin:
    late 10th or 11th century, presumably West Frankish origin (Beyerle/Buchner); 10th/11th century, Lotharingia (presumably Metz) (Mordek); 10th century (von Schwind, Lehmann/Eckhardt 1966, Sohm); 10th century, Metz, St Vincentius (Kottje); 10th century, Metz, St Vincent (Bischoff HA); 10th century, monastery of St Vincent in Metz (Eckhardt 1962)

    Provenance:
    St Vincent in Metz (Mordek); 1677 Collège Clermont; in Paris since 1810. (Eckhardt 1962)


    Physical description:

    Material: Parchment
    Quires:
    Number: 172 foll. (counted A, 1 - 171)
    Size: 270 x 200 mm


    Script: Caroline minuscule

    Glosses:


    Contents:

    • Av
      miniature of a ruler
    • 1r - 11r, 11v - 14r, 14v - 70r, 70v - 121r, 121v - 122r
      comprehensive collection of capitularies, ecclesial capitula and council orders (e.g. Ansegis)
    • 11r - v
      formulae for oaths of allegiance
    • 14r - v
      Lex Salica (Recapitulatio solidorum) Stemma
    • 70r - v
      Lex Burgundionum (title 79 = BK 195 c. 1)
    • 70v
      CTh V 10 in the Epitome Aegidii version (= BK 195 c. 2)
    • 121r
      two lists of Frankish rulers
    • 121r - v
      Lex Salica (long prologue)
    • 121v
      Lex Salica (short prologue) Stemma
    • 122r - 134r
      Lex Salica (Karolina emendata, text)
    • 134r - 135r
      Lex Francorum Chamavorum
    • 135r - 143r
      Lex Ribuaria (type B, text)
    • 143v - 154r
      Lex Alamannorum (type B, text)
    • 154r - 171v
      Lex Baiuvariorum (type E, prologue, list of titles and text) Stemma

    References:

  • Sohm 1883 p. 115
  • Krusch 1924 p. 108-109
  • von Schwind 1926 p. 183
  • Buchner 1940 p. 78-80
  • Beyerle / Buchner 1954 p. 36
  • Eckhardt 1962 p. XX
  • Lehmann / Eckhardt 1966 p. 16
  • Kottje 1986 p. 21
  • Kottje 1987 p. 366, 373
  • Schott 1988 p. 105
  • Gontrum 1993 Part 2 p. 134-147
  • Mordek 1995 p. 35, 72, 82, 199, 201, 233, 289, 325, 333, 387, 401, 431, 466, 492, 494, 514, 537, 549, 553, 562-578, 592, 619-620, 701, 709, 781, 786, 819, 821, 836, 858, 1024, 1032 [PDF-Download]
  • Schmitz 1996 p. 133-135
  • Bischoff HA Fiche 31, 8.3 (p. 64), Fiche 32, 3.11 (p. 51)
  • Mordek 2005 p. 31-52
  • Hartmann 2008 p. 91, 95 (n. 191), 97, 199, 334
  • Coma Fort 2014 p. 322
  • Renard 2014 p. 1009-1020
  • Faulkner 2016 p. 26, 29-30, 32, 111, 124, 131, 145, 171, 173, 218, 221-222
  • Ubl 2017 p. 70, 225, 235, 241
  • Charles West, Legal Culture in Tenth-Century Lotharingia, in: Conrad Leyser / David W. Rollason / Hannah Williams (Hrsg.), England and the Continent in the Tenth Century: Studies in Honour of Wilhelm Levison (1876-1947) (Studies in the Early Middle Ages 37), Turnhout 2010, p. 351-375, hier p. 358-373.
  • Steffen Patzold, Das sogenannte "Capitulare Aquisgranense" Karls des Großen und die letzte Reforminitiative Ludwigs des Frommen im Jahr 829, in: Deutsches Archiv 71 (2015), p. 459-473.

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    Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Lat. 9653

    Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Lat. 9653

    Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

    Repository:

    Paris (France)
    Bibliothèque Nationale
    Lat. 9653

    Siglum (by Mordek 1995): P46
    Siglum (by Eckhardt 1962): A 4

    Digital image available at BnF


    History:

    Origin:
    9th century (Hänel, Mommsen, Bischoff HA, Meyer); 2nd quarter of the 9th century, Burgundy (Liebs); ca. middle of the 9th century (codex 1) and 2nd quarter of the 9th century (codex 2), Burgundy (near Lyon [Bischoff]) (Mordek); 9th or 10th century (von Salis); 2nd quarter of the 9th century (Eckhardt 1962 following Bischoff); Foll. 3-37: ca. 2nd quarter or middle of the 9th century, presumably from Burgundy, Foll. 38-160: ca. 2nd quarter of 9th century, South (?), [(probably Burgundy) (near) Lyon ?] (Bischoff)

    Provenance:
    According to a note by Baluze the codex was used by Jean du Tillet around the year 1550. Sold to Claude Expilly (Grenoble) in 1609 by the heirs of Jean Antoine Lescure. (Eckhardt 1962)


    Physical description:

    Material: Parchment
    Quires:
    Number: 159 foll. (counted 3-160, 4bis; two codices tied together: foll. 3-37 and foll. 38-160)
    Size: 310-315 x 215 mm
    Text block: 255-265 x 160-175 mm
    Lines: 28, 25

    Script: Caroline minuscule

    Glosses:


    Contents:

    • 1v - r, 2r - v, 161r - 162v
      Institutiones of Justinian with the Glossa ordinaria of Accursius (fragments, 14th century)
    • 3r - 21v
      Lex Burgundionum (type B)
    • 21v - 22r
      additions to the Lex Burgundionum
    • 22r - 32v
      Lex Salica (type A, list of titles and text) Stemma
    • 32v - 33v
      Capitula legibus addenda (818/819)
    • 33v - 37v
      Isidore, Etymologiae
    • 38r (saec. X), 38v - 149v, 151r - 158v, 150r - v, 159r - 160r
      Lex Romana Visigothorum (list of titles and text, partly fragmentary)
    • 160v
      probationes pennae and library stamp

    References:


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    Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Lat. 4759 A

    Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Lat. 4759 A

    Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

    Repository:

    Paris (France)
    Bibliothèque Nationale
    Lat. 4759 A

    Digital image available at BnF


    History:

    Origin:
    9th century (von Salis); 10th century (Bischoff HA); presumably 3rd third of the 9th century, presumably Burgundy (Bischoff)

    Provenance:
    Colbert


    Physical description:


    Quires:
    Number: 67 foll.
    Size: 205 x 155 mm
    Text block: 145 x 103 mm
    Lines: 17

    Script:

    Glosses:


    Contents:

    • Lex Burgundionum

    References:


    Downloads:

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