lex: Edictus Rothari

Wolfenbüttel, Herzog August Bibliothek, Cod. Guelf. 532 Helmst.

Wolfenbüttel, Herzog August Bibliothek, Cod. Guelf. 532 Helmst.

Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

Repository:

Wolfenbüttel (Germany)
Herzog August Bibliothek
Cod. Guelf. 532 Helmst.

Siglum (by Mordek 1995): W5


History:

Origin:
9th century (von Schwind); beginning of the 9th century, Salzburg (Kottje); 1st to 2nd quarter of the 9th century, part II presumably from 820, Salzburg (Mordek); 9th century (820), Salzburg (?) (Bischoff HA); ca. 820 (Bluhme); around the year 820, Salzburg (Siewert following Heinemann); 10th century (Krusch)

Provenance:
presumably from Weißenburg (Mordek following Butzmann); formerly in possession of Matthias Flacius Illyricus (Krusch)


Physical description:

Material: Parchment
Quires:
Number: 174 foll. (3 parts)
Size: 235 x 140-150 mm
Text block: 200 x 95-115 mm
Lines: 25, 36-37

Script: Caroline minuscule

Glosses:


Contents:

  • 2r - 54r
    Defensor of Ligugé, Scintillarum liber (beginning fragmentary)
  • 54r - 55v
    letter from Charlemagne to Alcuin; short notes
  • 56r
    title "Monita cuiusdam sancti de virtutibus"
  • 56v - 85v
    Isidore, Proemia de libris novi et veteris Testamenti; Liber de ortu et obitu patrum; Allegoriae quaedam sacrae Scripturae; pseudo-Isidor, Liber de genealogiis (incomplete); Isidore, Chronicon (last part)
  • 85v - 86r
    Praefatio to the Epitome temporum; short annals from Heraclius up to the year 820
  • 86v - 88v
    letter from Louis the Pious to the archbishops (here Arn of Salzburg) regarding the transmission of the Regulae canonicorum from 817
  • 89r - 91r
    Capitulare monasticum I
  • 91v - 93r
    clerical interrogatio
  • 93v
    canon on delinquent clerics
  • 94r
    interpretation of the Lord's Prayer
  • 94r - v
    explanatory notes on units
  • 95r - 114r
    Eucherius of Lyon, Instructionum ad Veranum libri duo
  • 114r - 120v
    glossaries
  • 121r - v
    synodal ordo
  • 122r - 134v
    Junilius Africanus, De partibus legis divinae libri duo
  • 134v - 138v
    clerical interrogatio, explanatory notes on clerical ranks, various moral dicta, maxims, catalogue of the kings of Israel starting with Rehoboam
  • 139r - 153r
    Alcuin, Dialogus seu disputatio de rhetorica et de virtutibus
  • 153v
    various list of names
  • 154r - 170r
    Lex Baiuvariorum (type A) Stemma
  • 170v
    Capitulare seu canones concilii Neuchingensis, Capitulare seu canones concilii Dingolfingensis
  • 170v - 173v
    Edictus Rothari (cc. 281-351, from 173r: cc. 43-86)

References:


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Vercelli, Biblioteca Capitolare Eusebiana, CXXII

Vercelli, Biblioteca Capitolare Eusebiana, CXXII

Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

Repository:

Vercelli (Italy)
Biblioteca Capitolare Eusebiana
CXXII


History:

Origin:
late 10th or 1st half of the 11th century, Umbro-Roman (Kaiser)


Physical description:


Quires:
Number: 187 foll.
Size: 320 x 250 mm

Lines: 29-30

Script:

Glosses:


Contents:

  • 1r
    empty
  • 1va - 3vb
    description of the burial sites of the twelve apostles
  • 3vb - 5vb
    pseudo-Hieronymus, Expositio IIII evangeliorum
  • 5vb - 6rb
    glosses to the Codex Iustinianus
  • 6rb - vb
    Lex Salica (Karolina emendata, Capp. 22-23)
  • 6vb - 7vb
    Const. Imperatoriam to the Institutiones of Iustinian
  • 8ra - 13vb
    list of titles to the Epitome Iuliani from Cap. 211 onwards, to the appendix B as well as to the beginning of the Dictatum de consiliariis
  • 13vb - 15rb
    list of titles to the Lex Dei with extra count of chapters
  • 15rb - 153vb
    Epitome Iuliani
  • 153vb - 159rb
    appendix B and chapter summae to the Epitome Iuliani
  • 159va
    Domini Iuliani antecessoris dictatum de consiliariis up to sentence 3
  • 159va - vb
    CJ 5,71,4 and CJ 5,71,1 in the Summa Perusina version
  • 159vb
    Epitome Aegidii (Ep. Aeg. CTh 8,5,1)
  • 159vb
    Collatio (14,2,3)
  • 159vb
    synonym glosses by a different hand, not belonging to a juridical text
  • 160ra - 161ra
    Jonas of Orléans, De institutione laicali, Cap. 8
  • 161v - 162r
    Stemma cognationum to the previous excerpt; Edictus Rothari, Cap. 153
  • 162ra - 186ra
    Lex Dei
  • 186ra - rb
    juridical questions and answers based on Isidore, Etymologiae
  • 186rb
    excerpt from Isidore, Sententiae
  • 186va
    excerpt from the praefatio of the Liber poenitentialis of Halitgar of Cambrai
  • 186va
    excerpt from Augustinus, Enchiridion de fide, spe et caritate
  • 186va
    1. Cor. 7,5, followed by an excerpt from Augustine, Enchiridion de fide, spe et caritate (Cap. 17)
  • 186vb
    Isidore, Sententiae
  • 186vb, 187vb
    Liber Proverbiorum

References:


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Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Vat. Lat. 5359

Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Vat. Lat. 5359

Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

Repository:

Vatikan (Vatican City State)
Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana
Vat. Lat. 5359

Siglum (by Mordek 1995): V25

Digital image available at BAV


History:

Origin:
end of the 9th or 10th century (Bluhme); 2nd half of the 9th century, North Italy (Verona?) (Mordek); beginning of the 9th century, Verona (Moschetti); area of Verona (Bischoff)

Provenance:
Verona, S. Zeno Maggiore (Mordek)


Physical description:

Material: Parchment
Quires:
Number: 146 foll.
Size: ca. 205 x 140 mm
Text block: ca. 150-170 x 95-115 mm
Lines: 20-23

Script: early Caroline minuscule

Glosses:


Contents:

  • 1r - 12r
    Edictus Rothari (list of titles)
  • 12r - 69v
    Edictus Rothari (text)
  • 51 - 52
    Hymnarium (palimpsest)
  • 69v - 73r
    Leges a Grimoaldo additae (prologue, list of titles and institutio)
  • 73v - 78r
    Liutprandi leges (list of titles)
  • 78r - 133r
    Liutprandi leges (text)
  • 133v - 137r
    Ratchis leges
  • 138r oder 139r - 142v
    Aistulfi leges
  • 142v - 146r
    various capitularies
  • 146v
    prayers, one line of stylized letters

References:


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Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Lat. 4613

Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Lat. 4613

Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

Repository:

Paris (France)
Bibliothèque Nationale
Lat. 4613

Siglum (by Mordek 1995): P5

Digital image available at BnF


History:

Origin:
10th century, Italy (Mordek); 10th century (Bischoff HA, Bluhme)


Physical description:

Material: Parchment
Quires:
Number: 100 foll. (counted 1 - 98, 49bis, 55bis)
Size: 280-285 x 160-168 mm


Script: Caroline minuscule

Glosses:


Contents:

  • 1r - 13r
    fragment of the Edictus Rothari
  • 13r - 15r
    Leges a Grimoaldo additae (without capitulatio)
  • 15v - 52v
    Liutprandi leges (Capitulatio, prologue and text)
  • 52v - 53r
    Memoratorium de mercedibus commacinorum (without capitulatio, added to Liutprand's laws as Cap. CLXV)
  • 53r - 57r
    Ratchis leges (without capitulatio)
  • 57r - 62v
    Aistulfi leges
  • 62v
    Aistulfi regis capitulum spurium
  • 62v - 98v
    various capitularies

References:


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Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, Lat. 5260

Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, Lat. 5260

Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

Repository:

München (Germany)
Bayerische Staatsbibliothek
Lat. 5260

Siglum (by Mordek 1995): M10

Digital image available at BSB Munich


History:

Origin:
12th century (von Schwind); 1st half of the 12th century (after 1119), Herrenchiemsee (home library) (Kottje); 12th century (after 1120), Bavaria (Mordek)

Provenance:
Cloister Chiemsee; from the collection of the bavarian privy councillor Johann Caspar Lippert; bought by the later BSB Munich after Lippert's death in 1821 (Krusch)


Physical description:

Material: Parchment
Quires:
Number: 39 foll.
Size: 213 x 148 mm


Script: Caroline minuscule

Glosses:


Contents:

  • 1r - 27v
    Lex Baiuvariorum (type B, prologue, list of titles and text) Stemma
  • 18v, 28v - 30v
    Capitulare seu canones concilii Neuchingensis
  • 27v - 28v
    Capitulare seu canones concilii Dingolfingensis
  • 30v - 33v
    various capitularies
  • 33v - 34r
    Edictus Rothari (cc. 180, 179, 178)
  • 34r - 38rb
    so-called Parvum Chronicon Chiemseense
  • 38v - 39v
    Karoli Magni decretum de expeditione Romana (spurium)

References:


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Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, Lat. 3519

Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, Lat. 3519

Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

Repository:

München (Germany)
Bayerische Staatsbibliothek
Lat. 3519

Siglum (by Mordek 1995): M11

Digital image available at BSB Munich


History:

Origin:
12th century (von Schwind); 1st half of the 12th century (after 1125), Niederalteich (?) (Kottje); 2nd half of the 12nd century, South of Germany (Mordek); Augsburg (Deutinger)

Provenance:
in possession of Marcus Welser; got into possession of Augsburg city library afterwards (Krusch)


Physical description:

Material: Parchment
Quires:
Number: 49 foll.
Size: 217 x 150 mm


Script: Caroline minuscule

Glosses:


Contents:

  • 1r - 36r
    Lex Baiuvariorum (type B, prologue, list of titles and text) Stemma
  • 36r - 37r
    Capitulare seu canones concilii Dingolfingensis
  • 26v, 37r - 39r
    Capitulare seu canones concilii Neuchingensis
  • 39r - 43r
    various capitularies
  • 43r - v
    Edictus Rothari
  • 43v - 47va
    so-called Parvum Chronicon Chiemseense
  • 47vb - 49r
    Karoli Magni decretum de expeditione Romana (Spurium)

References:

  • Krusch 1924 p. 55-56
  • von Schwind 1926 p. 184
  • Kottje 1986 p. 20
  • Siewert 1992 p. 166
  • Siewert 1993 p. 211
  • Mordek 1995 p. 284-287, 315, 317, 354, 400, 903, 912 [PDF-Download]
  • Faulkner 2016 p. 118-119, 144
  • Ubl 2017 p. 184
  • Karl Halm / Georg von Laubmann / Wilhelm Meyer (Hrsg.), Catalogus codicum latinorum Bibliothecae Regiae Monacensis, Bd. 1,2: Codices num. 2501-5250 compl., München 1894.
  • Erwin Rauner, Katalog der lateinischen Handschriften der Bayerischen Staatsbibliothek München. Die Handschriften aus Augsburger Bibliotheken. Bd. 1: Stadtbibliothek (Clm 3501-3661) (Catalogus codicum manu scriptorum Bibliothecae Monacensis T. 3, Ser.nov. Ps. 3,1), Wiesbaden 2007.
  • Roman Deutinger, Die Lex Baioariorum in Niederaltaich, in: Stephan Deutinger / Roman Deutinger (Hrsg.), Die Abtei Niederaltaich. Geschichte, Kultur und Spiritualität von der Gründung bis zur Säkularisation, St. Ottilien 2018, p. 259-274, hier p. 266-267.

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    Ivrea, Biblioteca Capitolare, XXXIV (5)

    Ivrea, Biblioteca Capitolare, XXXIV (5)

    Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

    Repository:

    Ivrea (Italy)
    Biblioteca Capitolare
    XXXIV (5)

    Siglum (by Mordek 1995): I1

    Digital image available at Biblioteca Europea


    History:

    Origin:
    about 830 (Bluhme); 1st third of the 9th century, North Italy (Bischoff); about 830, Pavia (Mordek)


    Physical description:

    Material: Parchment
    Quires:
    Number: 168 foll. (numbered I, 1 - 167)
    Size: ca. 265 x 170 mm
    Text block: ca. 205-215 x 125-130 mm
    Lines: 26

    Script: Caroline minuscule

    Glosses:


    Contents:

    • Ir
      two formulae
    • Iv
      Liutprandi notitia de actoribus regis
    • Iv - 56v, 166v - 167v
      various capitularies
    • 57r - 104v
      Edictus Rothari
    • 105r - 107r
      Leges a Grimoaldo additae
    • 107v - 108v
      Memoratorium de mercedibus commanicorum
    • 108v - 159v
      Liutprandi leges
    • 159v - 162r
      Ratchis leges
    • 162r - 166v
      Aistulfi leges

    References:


    Downloads:

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    Gotha, Forschungs- und Landesbibliothek, Memb. I 84

    Gotha, Forschungs- und Landesbibliothek, Memb. I 84

    Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

    Repository:

    Gotha (Germany)
    Forschungs- und Landesbibliothek
    Memb. I 84

    Siglum (by Mordek 1995): G
    Siglum (by Eckhardt 1962): S 83


    History:

    Origin:
    10th century, Gaul (Hänel); 10th century (Mommsen, Schott, Meyer); ~10th/11th century (Bischoff); 10th/11th century, Mainz (Mordek, Kaiser); 9th/10th century (Beyerle/Buchner, Schott); 11th century (von Schwind); beginning of the 11th century (Lehmann/Eckhardt 1966); 10th/11th century, North Italy (?) (Kottje); 10th or certainly beginning of the 11th century, Fulda (Bluhme); presumably 10th century (Eckhardt 1962)

    Provenance:
    in the 15th century in Saint Martin of Mainz; 1714 already in Gotha (Eckhardt 1962)


    Physical description:

    Material: Parchment
    Quires:
    Number: 397 foll. (numbered 1 - 414, with 17 foll. loss: 170, 187 - 194 and 244 - 251 [substituted by empty sheets], four parts in whole)
    Size: 385-395 x 300-305 mm


    Script: Caroline minuscule

    Glosses:


    Contents:

    • 1ra - 29rb
      collection of capitularies of Ansegis
    • 29rb - 145vb
      collection of capitularies of Benedictus Levita
    • 146vb - 147va
      Concilium et capitulare de clericorum percussoribus (falsification), various capitularies
    • 148vb - 149ra
      prologues Stemma of the Lex Salica (type S)
    • 150ra - 159vb
      Lex Salica (systematized by Lupus)
    • 159vb - 160vb
      Lex Ribuaria Stemma (list of titles edited by Lupus)
    • 161va - 166rb
      Lex Ribuaria (type A, redaction by Lupus)
    • 167ra - 196vb
      Leges Langobardorum (list of titles and text, systematized by Lupus)
    • 197ra - 203va
      Lex Alamannorum (type A) Stemma
    • 148ra - rb
      list of emperors starting with Augustus
    • 148va - vb
      prologue of the Lex Baiuvariorum
    • 203va - 215rb
      Lex Baiuvariorum (type F, redaction by Lupus) Stemma
    • 215rb - 225va, 376rb - 396rb, 406va - 414va
      various capitularies (Ansegis, Louis the Pious) and council orders
    • 226ra - 336vb
      Lex Romana Visigothorum
    • 336vb - 338va
      Historia Langobardorum
    • 339ra - 376rb
      Leges Langobardorum with Edictus Rothari and the laws of Grimoald, Liutprand, Ratchis and Aistulf
    • 396rb - 406rb
      parts of the Liber Legum of Lupus, Liber Papiensis, Episcoporum ad Hludowicum imperatorem relatio
    • 406rb
      Capitula Italica, c. 15 = Epitome Iuliani 119,6
    • 406rb - va
      Augustinus, De civitate Dei

    References:

  • Hänel 1849 p. XLVI
  • Bluhme 1868 p. XXXVII-XXXIX
  • Meyer 1905 p. XXXI, XXXVIII-XXXIX
  • Mommsen 1905 p. LXXII-LXXIII, XCII
  • Krusch 1924 p. 113-117
  • von Schwind 1926 p. 184
  • Buchner 1940 p. 65-67
  • Beyerle / Buchner 1954 p. 34-35
  • Eckhardt 1962 p. XXVII
  • Lehmann / Eckhardt 1966 p. 13
  • Kottje 1986 p. 16, 20
  • Kottje 1987 p. 364, 374
  • Schott 1988 p. 94, 102, 105
  • Gontrum 1993 Part 2 p. 112-133
  • Siewert 1993 p. 210
  • Bischoff 1998 p. 297
  • Mordek 1995 p. 29, 126, 131-149, 246, 257-263, 265-266, 289, 369, 371, 375, 524, 664, 677, 728, 797-798, 834, 907, 921, 938, 1035 [PDF-Download]
  • Schmitz 1996 p. 87-91
  • Liebs 2002 p. 151, 238
  • Kaiser 2004 p. 465 (n. 28), 476, 510-511, 560 (n. 344-348), 579 (n. 402), 605 (n. 507), 708 (n. 63)
  • Kaiser 2007 p. 257 (n. 266), 267, 465 (n. 65)
  • Hartmann 2008 p. 92, 95 (n. 193), 96 (n. 200), 98, 228 (n. 211), 332
  • Kaiser 2010 p. 575
  • Schmitz 2011 p. 26-27, 30, 32, 37, 39, 57
  • Coma Fort 2014 p. 185-188
  • Faulkner 2016 p. 107, 110, 133, 143, 207
  • Britta Mischke, Handschrift des Monats Dezember 2018: Gotha, Forschungsbibliothek, Memb. I 84, in: Capitularia. Edition der fränkischen Herrschererlasse, bearb. von Karl Ubl und Mitarb., Köln 2014ff.

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