lex: Codex Theodosianus

The Theodosian Code

Wolfenbüttel, Herzog August Bibliothek, Cod. Guelf. 105 Gud. Lat.

Wolfenbüttel, Herzog August Bibliothek, Cod. Guelf. 105 Gud. Lat.

Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

Repository:

Wolfenbüttel (Germany)
Herzog August Bibliothek
Cod. Guelf. 105 Gud. Lat.

Digital image available at Digital library HAB


History:

Origin:
10th century (Meyer); 10th century, St Omer (Bischoff HA); middle to 3rd third of the 9th century, Corbie (Kaiser)

Provenance:
Found by Pierre Galand and Adrien de Turnèbe in St Bertin Abbey near St Omer in 1544. (Kaiser 2013, Bischoff HA)


Physical description:


Quires:
Number: 112 foll.
Size: 270 x 215 mm


Script:

Glosses:


Contents:

  • 2 - 112
    Agrimensores veteres
  • 3 - 6
    Codex Theodosianus (CTh 2,26,1-5)

References:

  • Meyer 1905 p. XIII, LVI
  • Bischoff HA Fiche 25, 2.21 (p. 67)
  • Kaiser 2013 p. 282-283, 285, 286 (n. 86 und 87), 292, 299-300, 304-305, 324 (n. 309), 334-335
  • Bischoff 2014 p. 502
  • Die Handschriften der Herzoglichen Bibliothek zu Wolfenbüttel. Abth. 4: Die Gudischen Handschriften: Die griechischen Handschriften bearbeitet von Franz Köhler. Die lateinischen Handschriften bearbeitet von Gustav Milchsack, Wolfenbüttel 1913, p. 141-143.
  • Europeana Regia

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    Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Pal. Lat. 1564

    Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Pal. Lat. 1564

    Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

    Repository:

    Vatikan (Vatican City State)
    Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana
    Pal. Lat. 1564

    Digital image available at UB Heidelberg

    Note(s): The beginning of the Vatican codex is now lost, but can be reconstructed because Wolfenbüttel, Herzog August Bibliothek, Cod. Guelf. 105 Gud. Lat. and Brussels, Bibliothèque Royale Albert 1er, 10615-729 are based on this manuscript. For further information on the Brussels codex, which dates from the 12th century (Trier or Luttich area), cf. Kaiser 2013 pp. 282 and 285 as well as the comprehensive description in the dissertation by Annastina Kaffarnik (Ed.), Querela magistri Treverensis. Neuedition, Übersetzung und Kommentar. Mit einer Beschreibung der Handschrift Bruxelles, BR 10615-729 (Lateinische Sprache and Literatur des Mittelalters 46), Bern / Berlin / Brüssel etc. 2011, pp. 315-353. The agrimensorian contents are on foll. 36ra-55va. In the codices mixti, which were based on the Vatican codex and the first part of Wolfenbüttel, Herzog August Bibliothek, Cod. Guelf. 36.23 Aug. 2° (Codex Arcerianus A), also CTh 2,26 and PS 5,22,2 are mentioned. These are Florence, Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana, 29.32 and Erfurt, Wissenschaftliche Allgemeinbibliothek, Ampl. 4° 326. The Florentine codex accrued in West Germany during the 1st third of the 9th century. The Erfurt codex dates from the 11th to 12th century and was written in Germany. On the codices mixti cf. Kaiser 2013 pp. 279-287, 292, 299-301, 304, 307, 311, 314 (n. 251) and Bischoff 1998 p. 259 (Florence). Otto von Heinemann, Die Augusteischen Handschriften. 5. Cod.Guelf. 34.1 Aug. 4º to 117 Aug. 4º. Nachdr. der Ausg. 1903 (Kataloge der Herzog August Bibliothek Wolfenbüttel. Neue Reihe, Bd. 8), Frankfurt am Main 1966 describes Codex Arcerianus A and a digital image can be accessed via the Herzog August Bibliothek . See Kaiser 2013 pp. 275 (n. 3), 276-279, 281-284, 286 (n. 86), 287, 289, 293-294, 296, 298 (n. 161), 310-314, 315 (n. 252), 316-317, 334 and CLA IX no. 1374b. Codex London, British Library, Add. 47679 also belongs to the codices mixti, but does not contain any legal texts. Cf. Kaiser 2013 pp. 280-281, 307, 310-313.

    History:

    Origin:
    10th century (Meyer); 2nd to 3rd third of the 9th century, circle of Aachen court (Kaiser); 2nd quarter of the 9th century, Lower Rhine (Lotharingia?) (Bischoff)

    Provenance:
    Fulda (Meyer)


    Physical description:


    Quires:


    Script:

    Glosses:


    Contents:

    • 9r - 149v
      Agrimensores
    • 9r
      Codex Theodosianus (fragment of CTh 2,26,5)
    • 9r
      excerpt from the Pauli sententiae (5,22,2)
    • 10r - 11r
      Leges novellae (Nov. Theod. 24, 4, 20; Sylloge primaria; two edited intensely)
    • 11r, 124r - 126v
      title "Finium regandorum" of the Digest (10,1)
    • 147v - 149r
      Isidore, Etymologiae (book XV)

    References:


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    Berlin, Staatsbibliothek – Preußischer Kulturbesitz, Phill. 1745

    Berlin, Staatsbibliothek – Preußischer Kulturbesitz, Phill. 1745

    Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

    Repository:

    Berlin (Germany)
    Staatsbibliothek - Preußischer Kulturbesitz
    Phill. 1745

    Siglum (by Mordek 1995): B10

    Note(s): together with St. Petersburg, Rossijskaja Nacional'naja Biblioteka, F.v.II.3

    History:

    Origin:
    7th century, Lyon (Liebs); 7th century, Burgundy (Mordek); 7th century, Burgundy (CLA); 7th/8th century (Mommsen); 2nd half of the 7th century (Vessey); 9th century, Lyon (Bischoff)

    Provenance:
    Used by Florus diaconus in Lyon in the 9th century; found in the Cathedral Library of Lyon by Jacques Sirmond in 1629; later stored in the Collège de Clermont; the first part of the codex (now in St. Petersburg) came to St. Germain de Prés, and was purchased in France by Pierre Dubrowsky at the end of the 18th century; the second part entered the Meerman collection in 1764 and the collection of Sir Thomas Phillips in 1824; it was sold by his grandson T. Fitz Roy Fenwick in 1889 to the (later) State Library. (Eckhardt 1962, CLA, Mordek)


    Physical description:

    Material: Parchment
    Quires: quire numbers
    Number: 304 foll. [119 foll. (Berlin), 185 foll. (St. Petersburg)]
    Size: 320 x 240 mm
    Text block: 270 x 190 mm
    Lines: 20-24

    Script: Uncial and Half-Uncial

    Glosses:


    Contents:

    • 101v - 119v
      Constitutiones Sirmondianae (1-18)
    • Codex Theodosianus (excerpt)
    • Childeberti I. regis edictum
    • Gallic council orders
    • Notitia Galliarum
    • Collectio Dionysio-Hadriana
    • letter of Pope Leo I
    • addendum to the council orders

    References:

  • CLA VIII Nr. 1061, CLA XI Nr. **1061 und CLA Suppl. p. 60-61
  • Mommsen 1905 p. LXII, CCCLXXVIII
  • Vessey 1993 p. 181-199
  • Mordek 1995 p. 58, 970 [PDF-Download]
  • Bischoff 1998 p. 88
  • Hellmann 2000 p. 222
  • Liebs 2002 p. 97 (n. 20), 133-138
  • Bischoff 2004 p. 80-81
  • Kaiser 2007 p. 209 (n. 39), 273-275
  • Ganivet 2008 p. 281 (n. 8)
  • Coma Fort 2014 p. 30-32
  • Corcoran 2015 p. 133, 137
  • Valentin Rose, Verzeichniss der Lateinischen Handschriften der Königlichen Bibliothek zu Berlin, Bd. 1: Die Meermann-Handschriften des Sir Thomas Phillipps (Die Handschriften-Verzeichnisse der Königlichen Bibliothek zu Berlin, Bd. 12), Berlin 1893.
  • Joachim Kirchner, Beschreibendes Verzeichnis der Miniaturen und des Initialschmuckes in den Phillipps-Handschriften (Beschreibende Verzeichnisse der Miniaturen-Handschriften der Preussischen Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin, Bd. 1), Leipzig 1926.

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    Montpellier, Bibliothèque Interuniversitaire (Section Médecine), H 306

    Montpellier, Bibliothèque Interuniversitaire (Section Médecine), H 306

    Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

    Repository:

    Montpellier (France)
    Bibliothèque Interuniversitaire (Section Médecine)
    H 306

    Digital image available at Bibliothèque virtuelle


    History:

    Origin:
    9th century (Mommsen, Liebs); foll. 6-13: ca. 831, Northern France (?), foll. 14-222: ca. 2nd quarter of the 9th century, Auxerre (?) (Bischoff)

    Provenance:
    in possession of Pierre and François Pithou; afterwards Oratoire de Troyes (Eckhardt 1962)


    Physical description:


    Quires:
    Number: 8 / 209 foll.
    Size: 230 x 165-166 mm


    Script:

    Glosses:


    Contents:

    • Codex Theodosianus (excerpt)
    • 6 - 13, 14 - 222
      Historica, Chronologica, Anthologia, Grammaticalia, Poetica, Glossae

    References:


    Downloads:

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    Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Lat. 8907

    Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Lat. 8907

    Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

    Repository:

    Paris (France)
    Bibliothèque Nationale
    Lat. 8907

    Digital image available at BnF


    History:

    Origin:
    late 5th century (Liebs); late 5th century, presumably from North Italy (CLA); 7th century (Bischoff HA); Addenda: ca. middle of 9th century, France (Chartres ?) (Bischoff)


    Physical description:


    Quires:
    Number: 353 foll.
    Size: 350 x 265 mm


    Script:

    Glosses:


    Contents:


    References:


    Downloads:

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    Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Lat. 1452

    Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Lat. 1452

    Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

    Repository:

    Paris (France)
    Bibliothèque Nationale
    Lat. 1452

    Digital image available at BnF


    History:

    Origin:
    4. quarter of the 9th century or 9th/10th century, Rhône area (Mordek); 10th century (Bischoff HA); 4th quarter of the 9th century or 9th/10th century, presumably from Vienne (Bischoff)


    Physical description:


    Quires:
    Number: 202 foll.
    Size: 365 x 270 mm
    Text block: 275 x 205 mm
    Lines: 30, 27
    Lines: 27-30

    Script:

    Glosses:


    Contents:

    • Codex Theodosianus (excerpt)
    • Constitutiones Sirmondianae (1-18)
    • Collectio Dionysio-Hadriana

    References:


    Downloads:

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    Zurich, Staatsarchiv, C VI 3

    Zurich, Staatsarchiv, C VI 3

    Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

    Repository:

    Zürich (Switzerland)
    Staatsarchiv
    C VI 3

    Note(s): According to Bischoff/Brown the remains are today in Rome, Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, Biblioteca (Biblioteca Corsiniana) s.n.

    History:

    Origin:
    5th/6th century, Gaul or Italy (CLA); 5th/6th century (Liebs); 5th or 6th century, Gaul or Italy (Dold 1941); 5th to 6th century or beginning of the 6th century (Bischoff/Brown)


    Physical description:


    Quires:
    Number: 44 strips
    Size: 10-18 x 300-318 mm

    Lines: ca. 30 (2-4 survive on each strip)

    Script: Uncial

    Glosses:


    Contents:


    References:


    Downloads:

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    Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Vat. Lat. 5766

    Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Vat. Lat. 5766

    Weltliches Recht im Frankenreich

    Repository:

    Vatikan (Vatican City State)
    Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana
    Vat. Lat. 5766

    Note(s): The fragments of the Codex Theodosianus, that were overwritten with John Cassian, belong to those of the manuscript Turin, Biblioteca Nazionale Universitaria, A. II. 2.

    History:

    Origin:
    7th century (von Salis); 7th to 8th century (Codex Theodosianus and Lex Romana Burgundionum) (CLA); 8th century (Mommsen)

    Provenance:
    1461 in Bobbio (No. 44 in the library catalogue); a major part of the codex got to the Vatican in 1618, the other part presumably remained in Bobbio until 1803 with the same shelfmark as used before. (CLA)


    Physical description:


    Quires:
    Number:
    Size: 280 x 190 mm (Cassian), max. 285 x 263 mm (Fragmenta Vaticana), 330 x 280 mm (Codex Theodosianus), 280 x 205 mm (Lex Romana Burgundionum)


    Script:

    Glosses:


    Contents:

    • John Cassian, Collationes (partly palimpsested)
    • 17 - 24, 58 - 63, 82 - 100
      Fragmenta Vaticana (palimpsest)
    • 25 - 43, 46 - 48
      Codex Theodosianus (palimpsest, fragment)
    • 44 - 45
      title fragments of the Lex Romana Burgundionum (palimpsest)
    • further fragments

    References:


    Downloads:

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